- Project Runeberg -  Through the Caucasus to the Volga /

(1931) [MARC] Author: Fridtjof Nansen Translator: Gerald C. Wheeler - Tema: Russia
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higher school for four years. But most of the schools
cover only the first grades. In 1923 it was resolved
in Moscow that as from 1933-4 there is to be
compulsory education in Asia, and this, of course,
applies to Daghestan. Besides these government
schools there is a far greater number of Moham
medan schools, with over 40,000 pupils, wc are told
by Samursky, and this he looks upon as a danger,
for the resulting Mohammedan influence may
become too strong. This is also true of the influence
arising from the fact of there being so few national
courts ofjustice in the land, so that the administra
tion of justice falls into the hands of the Moham
medan clergy, which enforces the shariat (the holy
precepts) instead of the civil law. The government,
therefore, is considering the question of setting up
new national courts or tribunals; but this again
has its difficulties, since the people still remember
the Tsarist courts.
It is a curious thing that blood revenge is still
widespread in Daghestan, in spite of the fact that
it is in opposition to the Koran and the holy pre
cepts, and that Shamyl and the Mohammedan
prophets were strongly against it. It is said that
80 per cent. of the murders are still the result of this
Among the Lesghis and the Chechens there is
no distinction of rank, although among Lesghian
tribes, such as the Avars, Lakians, and others, there
were khans ruling wide areas. The relations
between the sexes and the division of labour
between them are regulated by the holy precepts, as

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