- Project Runeberg -  Through the Caucasus to the Volga /
220

(1931) [MARC] Author: Fridtjof Nansen Translator: Gerald C. Wheeler - Tema: Russia
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THROUGH THE CAUCASUS TO THE VOLGA
220
In great chambers underground the herrings which
had come in from last spring’s fishing were kept
laid in salt. Here were stored 100,000 poods
(1,640 tons) of fish; but there was room for 150,000
poods. These herrings were now ready to be put in
casks and sent all over Russia. From each storage
shed a long jetty or slip sloped down into the water
for bringing ashore the fresh fish from the boats
and for bringing out the salted fish for loading.
Wc went back over the Volga again, and so into
one of its arms a little north of the town, and going
east. Here wc passed great storage-yards for
timber, and along the bank lay ever so many timber
rafts in a row that had come down the Volga.
Timber, it is needless to say, is valuable in this
treeless land. After passing under the railway bridge
wc came to two great ice and refrigerating factories.
Instead of natural ice, of which there is more than
enough here in winter, being used for preserving,
especially for preserving herrings on the other side
of the river, artificial ice and cold is made here by
machinery for preserving the valuable kinds of
fresh fish; this rich land can also easily get its
supply of oil for power. One Russian factory is
worked by Diesel motors, and in it there are frozen
and preserved 500,000 poods (8,200 tons) of fresh
fish of various kinds, such as sturgeon (beluga,
ossetrina, sevryuga, sterlet), various kinds of
freshwater fish, such as pike-perch or sudak
{Lucioperca lucioperca), bream, and so forth. Besides
this there is a former English refrigerating factory
here, worked by steam with oil fuel, where 250,000

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