- Project Runeberg -  A practical guide for Russian consular officers and all persons having relations with Russia /
13

(1916) Author: Alfons Heyking - Tema: Russia
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the retiring Consular Officer is Elective, the third copy of the protocol
must be sent to the State Consul to whom he is subordinate.[1]

§ 16. Death of Consular Officer.

In the event of the death of a Russian Elective Consular Officer,
the State Consul to whom he was subordinate must be advised of
the death with as little delay as possible ; he will arrange for an
inventory to be taken of all the effects belonging to the Consular
Office, and will, if he is unable to attend to the matter himself,
authorise a responsible person to do so. The deceased officer’s
successor must draw up a protocol and proceed, generally, as in a case
of retirement of a Consular Officer.

On the death of an Elective Consular Officer or State Consul, the
Legation to whom he is subordinate must be advised of the event,
and must take all necessary steps for safeguarding the seals and
archives of the Consular Office. The Acting Consul, or person
empowered to do so by the State Consul or Legation, must make an
inventory of the property belonging to the Consular Office, and a
statement of the Consular accounts. A copy of the inventory and
of the cash account must be sent to the State Consul of the Legation
of the District. Necessary steps must also be taken to secure the
personal property of the deceased. If the local laws do not admit
of the intervention of the Acting Consul in the affairs of the deceased
officer, and if there are no special treaties regulating the matter, the
local authorities must proceed with the case. On the appointment
of a Consular Officer in place of the deceased, he must proceed as
in the case of retirement of a Consul.


CHAPTER VII. — Rights and Privileges.


The Rights and Privileges enjoyed by Consuls are of two kinds :
those relating to the person of the Consular Officer, and those
relating to the Consular Office. The latter are dealt with under the
various heads in other chapters, the subject of the present one being
the Personal Rights and Privileges of the Consular Officer.

§ 17. Rights and privileges of Consular Officers.

It has long been a point of international custom to accord to
Consular Officers, in their official capacity, certain privileges to which
other foreigners are not entitled. State Consuls, by international
courtesy, are, for instance, free from all direct duties: such as
income-tax, &c. A recapitulation of the privileges ordinarily accorded to
Consular Officers without special treaty, will be found in Calvo :
" Droit International," 4 Edition, V. 3, p. 235, et seq. It must,
however, be borne in mind that in the absence of treaties between
the States concerned, and of corresponding legal enactments within
the States where the Consuls reside, there can be no question of actual
right to such concessions. Russian Consular officials are invited
to report to the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, without delay,

[1] Circular of the I. Department of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
of 23rd November 1913, No. 12,800.

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