- Project Runeberg -  A practical guide for Russian consular officers and all persons having relations with Russia /
174

(1916) Author: Alfons Heyking - Tema: Russia
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174

CONSULAR JURISDICTION, &c. P. v., Сн хн.

§149.
Consular
Jurisdiction
in Turkey.

§ 150.
Consular
Jurisdiction
in China.

§ 151.
Consular
Jurisdiction
in Corea.

Disputes between Russian subjects trading in Turkey are settled
bv commissions appointed by the Russian ambassador at C-onstanti
nople and acting under his supervision.1 They have final jurisdiction
in cases involving sums of not exceeding i.ooo piastres.2 If the
amount in dispute exceeds this sum, appeal is allowed to the IV.
Department of the Imperial Senate. In such cases the appellant
must give security for the amount claimed.3 Notice of appeal must
be given not later than seven days after decision of the court, and
the documents presented within six months to the judge judex a quo.
The Director of the First Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
takes part in the proceedings of the Senate.1

In China, Russian Consuls have jurisdiction over their
countrymen. Consular Courts are established on the same lines as in Persia,
with the difference that the Consul is authorised as sole judge
exclusively to decide disputes between the captain and crew of Russian
vessels.5

In Corea, jurisdiction over Russian subjects and their property
is exercised by Russian Consular agents or persons entrusted with
such duties.0 In cases of dispute between Russian subjects on the
one side and Corean subjects or the Corean Government on the other,
and in cases of arrest of property owing to offences against the Trade
and Customs Regulations, the competent court is that of the
nationality of the accused. The representative of the nation to which the
other party belongs is at liberty to be present, to call and examine
witnesses, and to protest against the form of procedure and the
judgment. Domiciliary visits, or visits of inspection to Russian ships,
may only be made by the Russian Consul.7

In Japan the jurisdiction of Consuls on the basis of Exterritoriality
has been abolished.

§152.
Consular
Supervision
oi Russian
Subjects in
Persia.

CHAPTER XIII.—Consular Supervision of Russian

Subjects.

In the civilised or semi-civilised countries of the East, Russian
Consular Officers are invested with extensive powers of supervision and
jurisdiction over Russian subjects, in accordance with the privilege
of exterritoriality conferred on them by special State Treaties or
" capitulations." For instance, the duties of Russian Consuls in
Persia are to watch over the conduct of Russian subjects residing
in their Consular districts, and, if necessary, to employ correctional

§§ 149, 150,
151, 152.

1 Cons. Reg., Art. 179. 2 Cons. Reg., Art. 180.

3 Cons. Reg., Arts. 181, 182. 4 Cons. Reg., Art. 189.

5 F. Martens, International law (in Russian), St. Petersburg, 1883, Vol. II.,

page 90.

6 Cons. Reg., Art. 190.

7 Leske & Lowcnfeld : Die Rechtsverfolgung im Internationalen Verkehr.
Berlin, 1896, vol. II., page 3.

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