- Project Runeberg -  A practical guide for Russian consular officers and all persons having relations with Russia /

(1916) Author: Alfons Heyking - Tema: Russia
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Russian subjects belonging to the army are not permitted to
wear their uniforms abroad, unless when assisting at public functions,
or when being presented to persons of the highest rank, or when
appearing at military reviews or manoeuvres. Consular Officers are
required to see that these rules are observed, and to report cases of
infraction to the General Staff of the Russian Army (Elective Consular
Officers through their State Consul).1

§ 157.

CHAPTER XIV.—Military Service of Russian


According to the Laws of 1874 and 1912, military service in Russia is
regarded as an honour and a duty incumbent on all male subjects
of the Empire. Every Russian subject is required to enter the army
or navy as soon as he attains his twentieth year. No substitute or
money equivalent is accepted in lieu of service, and there are no
privileges of rank or position which can absolve a Russian from the
duty of serving his term with the national defences.

The whole term of military service for Infantry and Artillery—
excluding Horse Artillery—is eighteen years, of which three years
must be spent in actual service, and fifteen years in the Reserve. For all
the other departments in the army, seventeen years of service are
required, of which four years must be spent in actual service, and
thirteen years in the Reserve. The term of service in the navy is ten
years, of which five must be spent in actual service and five in the
Reserve. The Reserve consists of men up to 39 years of age. The
Militia is formed of able-bodied men up to 43 years of age who have
not served in the Army, of men up to 50 years of age who have retired
from service holding the rank of superior officers, and of men up to
55 years of age who have left the service holding the rank of General.
These terms of service are observed in time of peace. In time of war
the duration of service under the colours depends upon the actual
need of the State at the moment.

Men who desire to serve in the Russian Army as volunteers, without
drawing lots, must be 17 years of age, and must satisfy the ordinary
requirements of health and efficiency necessary for admission to
military service. They must have completed a course of education
at a " High School" or " Middle School" or have passed through
six classes of a gymnasium, or the second class of the ecclesiastical
seminary, or passed an examination corresponding to such. The
term of service for volunteers is 18 years, of which 2 years are
demanded for actual military service, and 16 years in the Reserve.

Exemption from actual service, or postponement, or reduction
from term of service is accorded for the following reasons : —

i. Exemption is granted to certain parts of the population possessing

1 Circular of the ii. Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of 27th
June 1878, No. 5925.

§§ 156, 157.

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