- Project Runeberg -  A practical guide for Russian consular officers and all persons having relations with Russia /
188

(1916) Author: Alfons Heyking - Tema: Russia
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188 IMMIGRATION & EXPULSION OF ALIENS. P. v., Сн. xvi-

and that such an act is inspired by animosity to Russia, he must
report the matter.

On the other hand, if it appears that the local Government is
justified in its measures, as for instance, in the case of ordinary criminals,
the Consular Officer, if requested to do so, may co-operate in referring
the case to the State Consul, to whom he is subordinate, and who may
draw up a certificate of nationality in case the person about to be
deported has no papers to prove his nationality.

In Russia, with certain exceptions referring to Jews and Jesuits,1
all foreigners are admitted without restriction, provided the existing
passport and sanitary regulations are complied with. Foreigners
are, however, liable to expulsion for misbehaviour or in consequence
of suspicious conduct on their part, or for reasons of State. The
provisions of the Russian Law of the 26th May 1903 relating to the
expulsion of undesirable aliens from Russia are as follows2:—-

1. The right of expelling aliens from Russia and of prohibiting
undesirable foreigners from entering the country, except in cases
specially provided for by law, are exercised by the Ministry of the
Interior. In localities which are under the control of the War Ministry
or of Governors-General, the right of expulsion or prohibition is vested
in those authorities. Governors of remote provinces and outlying
Governments are only permitted to exercise this authority with the
special permission of the Emperor and on application to the Committee
of Ministers.

2. Foreigners sentenced to hard labour or to transportation (to
Siberia) are not liable to expulsion, while persons who have been
sentenced to the forfeiture of their personal liberty cannot be expelled
before they have served their term of imprisonment.

3. Aliens who receive notice of expulsion from Russia must leave
the country without delay. If they fail to do so, they are sent to
the frontier under police convoy, and are there handed over to the
foreign authorities.

4. Any person who refuses to obey the commands of the
authorities to leave the country, or who, having been expelled, returns to
it without permission to do so, is liable to expulsion in the same
manner, after first serving a term of imprisonment.

5. The Minister of the Interior provides the funds to enable
impecunious foreign subjects to leave the Empire. He is, however,
at liberty to refuse such assistance if he considers it advisable.

It is hardly necessary to add that foreigners in Russia who obey
the laws, avoid politics and attend strictly to whatever business
they may be engaged in, have no need whatever to fear the
regulations which relate to the expulsion of foreigners from the Empire.
Russia is, in fact, very hospitable to foreigners, large numbers of
whom reside in the principal cities, such as Petrograd, Moscow, Odessa,
Warsaw, Lodz, Riga, &c.

1 See " Visa of Passports."

2 Compare also second half of Art. 31 of the Russian Laws relating to the
Organisation of the Provinces, Ed. 1892, Svod Zakonov, Vol. I., Part 2.

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