- Project Runeberg -  A practical guide for Russian consular officers and all persons having relations with Russia /
201

(1916) Author: Alfons Heyking - Tema: Russia
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P. v., Сн. xvii. RE ADMISSION OF RUSSIAN SUB JECTS, &c. 201

and when a vagrant, beggar, or criminal is sent back by one of the
contracting States into the territory of the other, an extract of the
protocol, stating the decision and the motives, must be annexed to
the passport, together with the document, if there be one, on the
authority of which the individual in question had resided in the country
from which he is being expelled.

Art. 6. If the conditions of the preceding article have been duly
observed, the governors, commandants, or other competent
authorities are obliged to readmit the individual sent to them. If they
have any representations to make on the subject these must be
addressed to their respective Governments.

Art. 7. If a vagrant, beggar, or criminal bring with him a wife
or children, they will be dealt with in the same way as himself, i.e.,
without reference to the place of their birth or to the time of their
arrival in the country. It is, however, to be understood that if a
vagrant, a beggar, or a criminal contract a marriage subsequently
to his arrival in the country and with a subject of that country, the
dispositions of the present convention do not apply to his wife or
children.

Art. 8. The expenses of transport and of maintenance of
individuals sent to the frontier of the country from which they are to
be expelled are borne by that country ; from the moment, however,
when they are handed over at the frontier, all expenses are paid by
the country into which they are readmitted.

In some States, as for instance in Germany, special permission
to reside is given to every Russian subject who remains in the State
for some time, and the granting of this permission is often made
subject to a written assurance from the Russian Consulate that the
Russian subject in question, in case of his returning to his native country,
will be readmitted there, and not perhaps sent back to become a
burden to the German Empire. The readmission of Russian
subjects into Russia is definitely assured by the indelible character of
their Russian nationality. No Russian subject can cease to be such
without the special sanction of His Majesty the Czar, so that, if a
Russian subject is able to prove his identity as such, his right to
re-admission is beyond question. In practice, however, re-admission
is rendered difficult in cases where papers of identification are wanting.
Russian subjects who possess no such papers whatever, are liable to
be turned back on the Russian frontier, or at a Russian port. They
must therefore, before returning to Russia, apply to a Russian
Consulate, which makes enquiries of the Home authorities, at their
expense, by letter, or in urgent cases, by telegram, as to their Russian
nationality and can, if the replies are satisfactory, give them a
certificate which will enable them to return home.1

In the case of local authorities making application to Elective
Consuls for the re-admission of persons to the States to which they
belong, either for one or other of the reasons enumerated above, or on
account of lunacy, or, in general, because such persons have become

§184.
Indelible
Character
of Russian
Nationality.

§185.
Diplomatic
Channels.

1 See under heading " Passports for Russian subjects," Part IV., Chap. III.

§§ 182, 183.

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