- Project Runeberg -  A practical guide for Russian consular officers and all persons having relations with Russia /
220

(1916) Author: Alfons Heyking - Tema: Russia
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220

DUTIES ON SAILING.

P. vi., Ch. ii.

in any case than 24 hours after the captain applies for them. It is,
however, desirable that the formalities of clearing the vessels out
should be performed by the Consular Officer as soon as possible after
application is made to him. The captain who is first to make his
declaration is entitled to be despatched first.1

The captain of a ship, who refuses to pay the duties which are due
from him to the Consular Officer for the prescribed certificates is liable
to a fine not exceeding double the amount according to the Tariff.2

If a ship is bound for a port the entrance to which is closed by a
blockade, a prohibition, or some other obstacle, the Consul must
inform the captain of the fact, and, if possible, point out to him another
port in the same country whither he can proceed without danger.

If by order of a foreign authority, an embargo is laid on a ship
or her cargo, the Consul must use all proper means to have it raised
as soon as possible, and to secure a just indemnity for those entitled
to it. At the same time he must bring the case to the knowledge
of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs and the Imperial Legation, and
he must take care to keep the crew in good order.

If sailors of Russian ships about to sail are arrested for debt, the
Consul must interfere to get them liberated on the captain’s security,
if the latter consents.3

CHAPTER III.—Duties of Captains.

It is the duty of the captain of a vessel to be considerate and kind
in his behaviour to the members of the ship’s crew, showing them
an example of good temper and conduct, sobriety, industry and
devotion to duty in order to merit the respect and obedience of his
subordinates.4 Before proceeding on a voyage the captain of a ship is
obliged to stock the vessel with a complete and sufficient quantity of
good and healthy provisions such as are used by seamen when at sea,
and so to estimate the quantity as to allow for possible delays on the
voyage in order not to be compelled to call at ports on the way to
replenish the stock and thereby increase the costs of the voyage. He
must see that the provisions are suitably stored according to their
different natures, so that they do not spoil on the voyage.5

The captain of a vessel is forbidden to inflict corporal punishment
on a member of the crew.6

As to Captains of Finnish vessels, the Finnish Regulations of the
30th March 1848 provide (Part IV. Art. 4) that such captains must
be careful to provide a sufficient quantity of suitable food and drink
for their crews, that sick men are to be properly looked after, and
that the crew are to assemble in the morning and evening for common
prayer.

§§ 203, 204,
205.

1 Cons. Reg., Art. 59.

3 Cons. Reg., Art. 60.

4 Ibid., Art. 275.

2 Code of Criminal Laws, Art. 1248.

4 Trade Reg., Art. 274.

0 Ibid., Art. 281, Continuation 1906.

§203.
Clearing
out of
vessels.

§ 204.
Captain’s
duties,

§ 205.
Finland.

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