- Project Runeberg -  A practical guide for Russian consular officers and all persons having relations with Russia /
223

(1916) Author: Alfons Heyking - Tema: Russia
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223

CHAPTER V.—Signing x\rticles.

All agreements between the masters and crews of Russian vessels
are binding on the parties until such time as the vessel arrives at
a Russian port, and are subject exclusively to Russian law. However,
Consular Officers are at liberty to sanction a voluntary dissolution
of the agreement if both parties are agreeable, and, in such cases,
they must record the circumstances on the crew list.1

The mustering of sailors abroad in ships sailing under the Russian
flag, must be performed at a Russian State or Elective Consular
Office. This rule applies also to Finnish ships.2

Masters and owners of Russian ships are not allowed to engage
persons who are not provided with lawful passports or certificates
proving their identity. They are also not allowed to engage persons
for longer periods than their passports or certificates hold valid.3
This, however, refers only to Russian subjects. Foreign seamen
may sign on without producing passports or certificates of identity.

The proportion of foreign seamen permitted to be enrolled as
part of the crew of a Russian vessel is limited to one-fourth, except
in cases where the number of foreign seamen is fixed by special
regulation or treaty. The captain, mate, and engineer must in all cases
be Russian subjects, and must be provided with diplomas.4

On application to the section of Mercantile Marine of the Ministry
of Trade and Industry, during time of war, Russian captains may be
given the right to enroll on the crew list, subjects of neutral and allied
states of one-half of the total number of the crew.

The Maritime Code of Finland provides that the command of a
vessel belonging to a Finnish port cannot be confided to any person
who is not a native of Finland.5

Contracts between masters of Russian vessels and their crews
{crew lists) must contain :

1. The names of the master of the ship and of each individual
seaman or other member of the crew, and a statement as to the capacity
in which each man is engaged.

2. The name of the place whence the vessel is about to sail, the
destination, and the approximate route.

3. The amount of wages, which must be entered against the
name of each member of the crew in figures and in writing, together
with a statement as to whether payment will be made monthly or
otherwise.

4. An undertaking by the master to provide his crew with rations
as prescribed by law.

5. An undertaking on the part of the officers and crew to perform
all duties as prescribed by law, to obey implicitly the orders of the

§ 208.
Articles
binding on
parties
until the
return of
the vessel
to Russia.

§ 209.
Mustering
at
Consulates.

§210.
Passports.

§211.
Foreign
seamen on
Russian
vessels.

§ 212.
Finland.
Signing
articles.

§213.
Contents of
Muster-roll

1 Cons. Reg., Art. 103 ; see also " Discharge of Sailors."

2 Maritime Code of Finland, Art. 57.

3 Trade Reg., Art. 250.

4 Ibid.., Art. 175 and 197.

5 Maritime Code of Finland, Art. 31.

S§ 208, 209,
210, 211,
212, 213.

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