- Project Runeberg -  A practical guide for Russian consular officers and all persons having relations with Russia /
225

(1916) Author: Alfons Heyking - Tema: Russia
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P. vi., Сн. v.

SIGNING ARTICLES.

225

accounts and payments made to members of the crew. These wage
sheets and wage books supply the data for the settlement of disputes
between owners of vessels and their crews.1

The master of a Russian vessel must always have his crew list,
or the wage lists, or wage books which replace it, ready to hand, and
must produce them to members of the crew whenever requested to
do so.2

The contract having been signed, the master must give each member
of the crew an advance of wages. Those of the crew who have made
a contract for monthly wages, may claim a month’s wages in advance,
those who have signed for a voyage are entitled to an advance equal
to one-fourth of the sum agreed upon.3

The contract between the master of a Russian vessel and his crew
acquires legal validity from the moment it is signed by all the parties
concerned. Immediately after signing the contract the crew are
obliged to proceed on board the vessel and commence their duties.4

If a member of the crew of a Russian vessel, after signing the
agreement and receiving an advance of pay, neglects to proceed on
board the vessel within a period of three days or he makes a new
agreement with another captain, the master to whom he first engaged
himself may cause him to be arrested and brought on board.5 Abroad
the captain can enforce this rule only so far as the laws of the State or
State Treaties allow him to do so.

If the ship be not quite ready to sail, and a member of the crew
have lawful excuse for refusing to proceed with the vessel for which
he had signed articles, he may, after having informed the master and
returned his advance of wages, demand to be set free from his
agreement, and if detained by the master, may appeal to the local police
authorities. But if the ship be ready to sail he is obliged to proceed
with her, however great may be the necessity for him to remain benind.6

If, after the contract has been signed, the master be prevented,
through sickness or any other cause, from proceeding with the vessel,
and if the vessel has not yet commenced loading, the crew are not
bound to carry out their agreement; but if the vessel has already
begun loading the contract remains in force, and the mate must then
proceed to carry out the agreement until a new master be appointed
by the owners.7

If, after the contract has been signed, the owners of the cargo
and of the vessel agree to alter her destination, the crew are bound
to proceed with the ship and fulfil their contract on the original
conditions, with the right, however, of claiming extra pay for any increase
in the duration of the voyage.8

Finnish sailors, when serving on Finnish vessels, are subject to
the Maritime Code of Finland of the year 1874. According to this
Code, sailors are only bound to sail from the port where they sign
articles with the captain by whom they were engaged and for the

§218.
Advances to
sailors.

§219.
Liberation
of sailors
from
agreement.

§ 220.
Sickness of
master.

§221.
Finland.
Conditions
of
agreement.

1 Trade Reg., Art. 249.
3 Ibid., Art. 252.
5 Ibid., Art. 254.

7 Ibid., Art. 257.

2 Ibid., Art. 251.

4 Ibid., Art. 253.

6 Ibid., Art. 255.

8 Ibid., Art. 258.

§§ 218, 219,

p 220, 221.

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