- Project Runeberg -  A practical guide for Russian consular officers and all persons having relations with Russia /
242

(1916) Author: Alfons Heyking - Tema: Russia
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242 DISPUTES BETWEEN CAPTAINS, &c. P. vi., Сн. ix.

between the captain and the crew of a Finnish vessel, whether on sea
or on shore, neither party is permitted to apply to a foreign law court,
but is obliged to wait for the settlement of all claims until the arrival
of the ship at a Finnish port." Anyone infringing this rule is liable
to forfeit any balance of wages due to him, and the decision of the
foreign court will be declared null and void. The captain is not,
however, prohibited from procuring the assistance of the local
authorities abroad in cases of insubordination or mutiny of his crew, if he
is not able to bring them back to their duties by the ordinary means.

On the same lines, the Finnish Maritime Code, Art. 63, provides
that in the event of a crime or offence of any magnitude being
committed against the penal laws by a member of the crew of a Finnish
ship, the captain must report the matter immediately on his arrival
to a competent Finnish tribunal. At the same time, if the crime
is sufficiently serious, or the safety of the ship renders it necessary,
the captain is entitled to keep the man under arrest until such time
as it is possible to hand him over either to the authorities in Finland
or to a Russian Consular Officer abroad.

Differences between Consular Officers and Russian subjects, such
as sailors, merchants, &c., in relation to actions performed by them
in the course of their Consular duties, must be referred to the Imperial
Legation accredited to the country in which the particular Consular
Officer resides, and to the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.1

CHAPTER X.—Sailors’ Rations.

The captain must supply each member of the crew with daily rations
consisting of a sufficient quantity of food and fresh water, and the
crew on their part have no right to demand more for each individual
per day than the rations fixed according to the following scale (see
p. 244) for sailors on board of Imperial men-of-war.2

In the event of the captain being, for some good reason, unable
to procure any of the articles in the above scale, he is at liberty, with
the consent of the crew, to substitute something similar.3

The captain of a ship is not permitted to reduce the rations except
in exceptional circumstances. If, in consequence of unfavourable
winds or other unforeseen circumstances, the captain is compelled
to reduce the rations, he can only do so with the consent of the chief
mate, boatswain, carpenter, and the oldest or most efficient seaman.
On arrival in port he must pay the men the difference in money.4

If on arrival in port the captain is able to procure fresh meat,
vegetables and fruit at a moderate cost, he should supply the crew
with them at least three or four times a week ; but the crew are not
entitled to demand such food, especially if it is at all expensive at
the port in question.5

1 Cons. Reg., Art. 106. 2 Trade Reg., Art. 276. 3 Ibid., Art. 277.

4 Ibid., Art. 278. 5 Ibid., Art. 279.

5 271.

§271.
Sailors’
rations.

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