- Project Runeberg -  A practical guide for Russian consular officers and all persons having relations with Russia /
282

(1916) Author: Alfons Heyking - Tema: Russia
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282

SHIPWRECK AND DAMAGE. P. vi., Сн. xx.

§ 346.
Shipwreck,
Finnish
ships.

(See § 327.)

The Finnish Maritime Code contains the following further regulations
as to shipwrecks

Before commencing the repairs of a ship after a shipwreck or
accident, or before making any important disbursements on account
of any unforeseen requirement, the captain must have the vessel
surveyed or take other measures to establish the nature and extent
of the damage. He must then demand vouchers for the sums
expended, and the account must be verified by the Consul, or in some
other manner which furnishes the required evidence. The captain
may also be required to testify to the accuracy of the accounts upon
oath.1

A seaman who has served on board a Finnish vessel which has
been wrecked is entitled to receive the wages due to him up to the
day of the wreck.2

If the members of the crew of a Finnish ship abandon her in the
open sea without sufficient reason, or are negligent in the work of
salvage after an accident, they forfeit their right either to the whole
or to a portion of their wages, according to circumstances.3

No freight is payable on cargo stolen by pirates or entirely
destroyed by other means, i.e., by shipwreck, fire on board ship, or
other accident. If the freight has been paid in advance, it must be
refunded.

Freight must be paid in full on merchandise that has been saved
from a wreck or freed from an embargo, if such merchandise is
conveyed to, and delivered at, the port of destination. On the other
hand, no freight is payable if the vessel and the cargo are abandoned
by the captain and crew in the open sea and the salvage is effected
by strangers.4

§ 347.
Priority
of claims
against
Finnish
ships,

CHAPTER XXI.—Priority of Claims against
Finnish Ships.

The following claims against vessels have priority in the order in
which they are given :

1. Salvage claims, while the vessel remains at the place where
such claims are payable.

2. Pilotage, port-charges, fire dues and other local charges, if
claimed while the vessel is still in port.

3. Wages and emoluments of the captain and crew, dating from
their last engagement.

4. The ship’s contribution in average ; the price of goods sold
by the captain to supply the urgent needs of the vessel; bottomry

1 Maritime Code of Finland, Art. 48.

2 Ibid., Art. 72. See also § 229 of this Guide.

3 Maritime Code of Finland, Art. 74.

4 Ibid., Art. 108.

§§ 346, 347.

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