- Project Runeberg -  Finland : its public and private economy /

(1902) [MARC] Author: Niels Christian Frederiksen
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while Belgium purchases to the value of 7 millions,
including battens to the value of 2½ millions, and
nearly one million marks’ worth of boards and other
forms of wood.

From the United States Finland only purchases
cotton to the value of 500,000 marks. The direct
commerce has not developed to any great extent.

As a remarkable example of commercial progress
we will mention the sale of butter. In 1887 Sweden
took the greater part, 3¼ million kilos, Russia took
2½ million, Germany three-quarters of a million,
Denmark one-third of a million kilos, and England
still less. In 1894 Denmark was the chief purchaser
with 7¼ million kilos, England next with 3½ millions,
Russia had decreased her import to 1⅓ million, and
Sweden and Germany theirs to one-third of a million
each. In 1899 England, really the chief consumer,
was at the head with 5¼ millions; Denmark, the
great dealer in butter, being next with 3⅔ millions;
Sweden bought half a million, Russia one-third of
a million, and Germany one-sixth of a million kilos.
The total export in 1897 showed an increase of 4½
million kilos, it being 15½ millions instead of 11, of
which the English share of the increase was 2½ million
and the Danish 2 million kilos.

It is the import duty which is the great enemy of
commerce, especially the protective duty which hinders
the profitable distribution of labour between various
countries; and we may notice that disturbing effects
are much less a consequence of duties imposed on
articles which cannot be produced in the country
itself, where the whole increased value goes to benefit
the treasury, and where at the utmost the consumption
is deranged, than of these protective duties. Also
the Finnish tariff has been reformed, although much

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