- Project Runeberg -  Finland : its public and private economy /
172

(1902) [MARC] Author: Niels Christian Frederiksen
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same character. Some wares must on import into
Russia be accompanied by certificates showing that
they originate from Finland. Other articles mentioned
when speaking of the production of iron and iron
wares, copper and copper wares, earthenware and glass,
textile, spun and woven goods, as well as paper, pulp,
and cellulose, are imported under somewhat lower
duties, but in the case of most of these articles only
a very limited import is allowed. The manufacturing
industries governed by these rules are those of the
greatest importance to Finland. Other manufactured
articles pay the same duty as those imported from
other countries. On the side of Russia it is an
accepted principle that the Finnish manufactures must
not be favoured at the cost of the Russians, and that
the duties which they pay shall be equivalent to the
advantage gained by their cheaper and partly free
import of raw material. This is right. But it is a
very curious development of this principle when the
Russian Government also demands that the Finlanders
shall pay for their advantages in water-power and wood,
and that they shall import only certain quantities of
their products. This is to regard Finland from an
economic and not only from a financial point of view
as a foreign country. Protection is demanded and
given by such a measure against the simple use of the
natural productive advantages of a country. The
present arrangement is a kind of treaty between two
foreign countries. Some of the concessions under it
are a gain for liberty, but others are one-sided and
hardly just. The good and bad can, of course, only
be seen by examining the details, especially where the
matter in question is the interest of one single country,
which is not necessarily the same as what is for the
general good.

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