- Project Runeberg -  Finland : its public and private economy /

(1902) [MARC] Author: Niels Christian Frederiksen
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steam part of the marine that Finland has not kept
her share of foreign commerce. In 1899 the total
number of clearances for ships of 19 tons or over was:
Arrivals, 8,185, with 1,999,000 tons; outgoing ships,
8,208, with 2,005,000 tons. In 1876, when there
were more small sailing ships, the figures were:
Arrivals, 9,364, with 1,314,000 tons; outgoing ships,
9,220, with 1,311,000 tons. In 1866 the figures
were: Arrivals, 3,742, with 517,000 tons; outgoing
ships, 3,901, with 529,000 tons. In 1868 the figures
were much higher, and they have of course moved
with the commerce. A considerable number of the
incoming ships are in ballast, though a very small part
of the outgoing, the reason being that there is not
enough return freight to be equivalent to the large
outgoing freight of wood. Thus the ships going to
the Baltic have a specially cheap freight home of
merchandise, such as coal and iron, and to Finland
also of grain. In Finland in 1899 only 5,098 ships,
with 1,021,000 tons, came in with freight, and 3,087,
with 978,000 tons, representing half of the total
tonnage (amongst these being the greater portion
of the sailing vessels), had only ballast. Almost all
the outgoing ships, on the contrary, had freight, these
numbering 7,210, with 1,825,000 tons, against only
998, with 180,000 tons, which were in ballast. These
last were evidently only a number of very small vessels.
Most of the space freighted with cargo is on board
steamers, the amount being in 1899: Arrivals,
757,000 tons on steamers, against 264,000 on sailing
vessels: Outgoing, 1,250,000 tons on steamers, 575,000
tons on sailing vessels. From 1867 to 1869 the
proportion was entirely different, being at arrival only
36 per cent. for steamers and 64 per cent. for sailing
vessels; at departure (where wood fills a larger space),

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