- Project Runeberg -  Finland : its public and private economy /
178

(1902) [MARC] Author: Niels Christian Frederiksen
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17 and 83. Now the proportion is again entirely
changed. In 1899 arriving steamers had 76 per cent.
of their space freighted, sailing vessels only 24 per
cent.; and even at departure the steamers had 70
per cent. and sailing only 30 per cent. As a result
of this the Finnish commercial marine, which still
consists mainly of sailing vessels, now plays a much
smaller part. In 1867-9 Finland’s share of the
freighted tonnage at arrival of ships with freight was
80 per cent., against 20 per cent. for ships from
other countries; in 1894-6 only 63 against 37;
in 1899, 60 against 40. Among the outgoing ships
in 1867-9, proportion was 69 against 31; in
1894-6, 43 against 57; in 1899, 45 against 55.
Next to Finnish ships the German ships hold the
first rank. Until recently it was English ships. The
German ships represent now about 10 per cent. of
the total, the Norwegian about 9½, the English and
the Danish each above 9, the Swedish 7¼ per cent.

In 1895 about 6,000 families were supposed to live
by fishing. They had 9,000 boats, all small, manned
with from two to four men. The whole take was
reckoned at from 17 to 18 million kilos, of which
11 million were from the sea, 5½ from the lakes, and
about three-quarters of a million from the rivers. In
reality, more was probably obtained; the reports are not
complete. The largest quantity, 8⅓ million kilos, was
represented by the Baltic herring, or strömming. The
common herring, of which three hundred years ago an
enormous quantity were caught in the Baltic, is now rare.
The small anchovy, or “hvassbuk,” has a certain
importance in the south-west. From the sea are obtained
1½ million of common inland fish, pike, bass, perch,
&c., which here are found in the sea, because it
contains only a very little salt. Half a million kilos

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