- Project Runeberg -  Finland : its public and private economy /

(1902) [MARC] Author: Niels Christian Frederiksen
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there was also a regular emigration to the Norwegian
ports, every year some people remaining there after
the fishing season. Now when opportunities are better
at home, and more emigration has also been going on
to the United States, fewer of the fishermen remain
to increase the Finnish population of the Norwegian
Finmark. The reason why a larger number prefer the
Norwegian to the neighbouring Russian coast is said
to be the more advanced state of civilisation which
is found there; merchants and doctors abound, with
means of communication such as telegraphs and
steamships, and, not least, good administration and
order. So at least the fishermen themselves say.

There has often been a question of attracting the
Finlanders to the Russian coast also. If this is to be
done, it will certainly be necessary to introduce Finnish
jurisdiction. An exchange of Finnish and Norwegian
territory has been suggested, but the more natural
method of procedure would be to give at least part of
the Russian coast to Finland. It was only in 1826
that this whole northern territory was regularly
divided between Russia and Norway. For at least
three centuries the Danish-Norwegian Government
had collected taxes along the whole coast, part of
which is called the coast of Murman, that is, of the
Normans, because the Northmen were here in olden
times. Russia had at the same time taken taxes from
those of her subjects which were wandering about
in the interior. Nobody thought of Finland in the
division of 1826. In more liberal days, in 1864,
a promise was first given that Finland should have
part of the coast and of its harbours, in return for
a slip of land ceded to Russia in the south-east of
Finland, where the Imperial rifle-factory of Systerbäck
is situated; but the promise was not kept. There is

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