- Project Runeberg -  Through Siberia
(1901) [MARC] Author: Jonas Jonsson Stadling Translator: Francis Henry Hill Guillemard
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THROUGH SIBERIA by J. Stadling
THROUGH SIBERIA

by

J. STADLING.

Edited by F. H. H. Guillemard,
M.A., M.D. (Cantab.)

with 47 illustrations
And 2 maps.

WESTMINSTER ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE & Co. Ltd., 2, Whitehall Gardens
1901.


Printed at the Motley Press, 18 Eldon St., E.C.

Preface to the electronic edition

This work by Jonas Jonsson Stadling (1847-1935) adapted to the English world by Francis Henry Hill Guillemard (1852-1933) is digitized in January 2008 from University of Toronto and adapted to Project Runeberg i July 2015 by Ralph E.

The original Swedish title is Genom Sibirien. På spaning efter André.

This work can be read as a book at the Internet Archive.

This volume was scanned by the University of Toronto and made available by the Internet Archive, from where the scanned images were copied to Project Runeberg. We very much appreciate that they have made this possible and want to encourage other digital library projects to follow their example. Read more about Project Runeberg's image sources.


The above contents can be inspected in scanned images: cover, pretitle, frontispiece, title page, imprint, xi, xii, xiii, xiv

Korrstapel / Proof bar for this volume

Table of Contents


Title and contents - cover, pretitle, frontispiece, title page, imprint, xi, xii, xiii, xiv
Preface by F. H. H. Guillemard - vii, viii, ix, x
Illustrations - xv, xvi
I. To the Gate of Siberia - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, blank, 9, 10
    The Object of our Journey—Polar Expeditions of 1898—The Vega-Stipendium and our Party—In St. Petersburg—The Crowding at the Gate—Emigration Statistics—Talks with the Mujiks
II. The Steppes of Western Siberia - 11, 12, 13, blank, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, blank, 21, 22, 23, 24
    The Siberian Train—The West Siberian Lowlands—A Dreary Plain—Life on the Train—Lying as a Pastime—Dinner by the Way—The Kirgises—Colonisation of the Akmolinsk Steppe—Miseries of the Emigrants
III. In the Heart of Siberia - 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33
    The Press in Siberia—Robberies and Murders—The “Podsnieshniks”—The Ob Bridge—Poskotina and Zaimki—Development of the Communal System—The New-comer and the old Settler—We Reach Tomsk
IV. Through the Forest-Region - 34, 35, blank, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47
    Krasnoyarsk and the Yenisei—Delayed at Tulun—By Tarantass on the Old Siberian Road—The Taiga—Its Influence on the Settler—Bad Characters—The typical Siberian Village—Its Inhabitants—A Night Adventure
V. Over the Buriatic Steppe - 48, 49, blank, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56
    In Irkutsk—Buriat Villages—History of the Buriats—Communism—Shamanism—Buddhist Missionaries—The “Buriatisation” of the Russians—Dorschi Bantsaroff—A Gifted Race
VI. The Upper Lena - 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66
    Katschùga and Schigàlova—Steamers on the River—Pauski—We commence our Voyage—Configuration of the Lena Valley—Its Size and its Tributaries—Scenery—Ust Kutsk and its History—“Gold Barons” on the Steamer—Kirensk
VII. On the Middle Lena - 67, 68, 69, blank, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, blank, 77
    Vitim—The Gold Districts—Labour on the Goldfields—“Varnak-Wages”—Statistics of the Gold Output—System of Mining—Payday—“The Nobility of Vitim”—Trans-Shipment to the Permiak—Scenery of the Middle Lena—Exiles northward bound—Yakutised Russians—“Pillars of the Lena”—Olekminsk
VIII. The Province of Yakutsk - 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, blank, 85, 86, 87
    Physical Characters of the Province—Intense Cold—Noises of the Arctic Night—The Storms of Spring—Break-up of the Ice—Summer in the Far North—An ever-frozen Soil—Products of the Province—Mammoth Ivory
IX. The Yakuts - 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96
    Population—Social Organisation—Yakut Horses and Cattle—Culture of Cereals—The Yurta—Dress and Ceremonies—Shamanism—Russian Shamanists
X. The Skoptsi in Exile - 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, blank, 103, 104, 105, 106
    Olekminsk—Spaskoie—What Skoptsi Labour has done—An uneasy Corpse—Marscha, the Skoptsi Colony—A Finnish Member of the Sect—A Philosopher’s Library—History of the Skoptsi
XI. In the City of Yakutsk - 107, 108, 109, blank, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, blank, 117, 118
    Andrée Stories—Yakutsk and its Mud—The Freebooters—Atrocities of the Voyevodes—Revolt of the Natives—Yakutsk of To-day—The Kossack “payek
XII. The Political Exiles and their Services to Science - 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, blank, 125, 126, 127
    The Early Explorers—Martyrs of Science—The Meteorology of Verkhoyansk—A Via Dolorosa—The Life-Work of Tschekanovsky—His Suicide
XIII. From Yakutsk to the Lower Lena - 128, 129, blank, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, blank, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146
    The Lena and its Scenery—Osfa—The Tunguses—The Shaman Spirit-World—Schigansk—Bulun—The “King” of Bulun—Slavery and Famine—Fish and Fisheries of the Lower Lena
XIV. Among the Natives on the Lower Lena - 147, 148, 149, blank, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, blank, 157, 158, 159, blank, 161
    Our Plans for the Arctic Journey—Lodkas and Vetkas—The “Christian” Russians—Native Graves—A Tungus Dance—Story of the Jeannette—Bulkur—Ancient River-terraces—“Rock-Ice”
XV. Through the Lena Delta - 162, 163, 164, 165, blank, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, blank, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, blank, 181, 182, 183
    More Delays—Nilson bids us Adieu—Tit-Ary—The Stolb—Monument Cape—Cross erected to De Long’s Party—“Prince” Vinokuroff—Migrations of Reindeer—Winter overtakes us—Storms and Gales—Tora—Life with the Tunguses—A Tungus Orator—Ytang—Tungus Marriage Customs—Fighting the Polar Storms—Frozen-in at last
XVI. Ice-bound in the Arctic Sea - 184, 185, 186, 187, blank, 189, 190, 191, blank, 193, 194, 195, blank, 197, 198, 199, 200
    Frozen-in on Kangelak—Native Habits—We send for Relief—The Dolgan Nalthanoff—Arrival of the Relief Party—Sledge Dogs—We start for the Olenek—Sledging Mishaps—An Arctic Post-Office—We reach the Olenek
XVII. Across the Tundra to the Anabar - 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211, 212, 213
    Natives of the Olenek—Prontchischtschev’s Grave—A Tungus Chief and his Reindeer—The Reindeer-Nomads—Reindeer and Sledges—We start for Anabar—The Routine of Tundra Sledging—“Rock-Ice”—Tameness of Birds—Wild Reindeer—Poverty and Epidemics
XVIII. From the Anabar to the Katanga - 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, blank, 223, 224, 225
    Day and Night behind Reindeer—Glories of the Aurora—Summer Wanderings of the Dolgans—The Wild Reindeer—Subjects of the “Great White Sun”—A Wandering Polish Noble—The most Northern Forest in the World—Arrival at Katangskoie
XIX. Among the Shamans - 226, 227, 228, 229, 230, 231, blank, 233, 234, 235
    The Sign of the Cross—Confession and Fox-skins—Entry into the Shaman Brotherhood—A Shaman Séance—Spirits of Ancestors—Shaman Deities—Erlik Khan—A Shaman Triennial Gathering—Samoyedes as Converts—The Good Samaritan of the Tundra
XX. Across the Taimyr Peninsula - 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, blank, 243, 244, 245, 246
    We leave the Katanga—Our Winter Dress—Fatigues of Sledge Travelling—A Tungus Family—Across an Unknown Land—The Nosovaya Tundra—An Unexpected Forest—A Dolgan Deputation—Geographical Distribution of the Nomad Races—We Reach the Yenisei
XXI. Up the Yenisei - 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, blank, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, blank, 259, 260, 261
    No News from Civilisation—We bid Adieu to Torgersen—Sledging up the Yenisei—Torosses—The Taiga once more—Turukansk—The Ostiak—“A Big Minister”—Society in Turukansk—Yeniseisk—Home
XXII. The Exile System - 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272
    The Ukase of Abolition—Early History of the Exile System—An optimistic View—The “Cooking” of Official Documents—The Early Reformers—Statistics—An Unacknowledged Corvée—The Brodyagi—Cannibalism—Increase of Crime—Demoralisation of the Authorities
XXIII. The Trans-Siberian Railroad and Maritime Communication with Northern Siberia - 273, 274, 275, blank, 277, 278, 279, 280, 281, 282
    Raison d’être of the Railway—Its Uselessness for the Transport of Cereals—The Perm-Archangel Line—Price of Wheat on the Yenisei—The great Waterways of Siberia—Maritime Communication—Capt. Wiggins and the Yenisei Trade—The Difficulties in the Way—The Policy of the Closed Door—The best Ice-breaker
XXIV. Material and Spiritual Culture in Siberia - 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 298
    The America of the Old World—The Tercentenary of Siberia—Her Needs formulated—A System of reckless Plunder—Illiteracy of the Russian Conquerors—Persecutions of the Colonists—The “Gold-Barons” and “Vodka-Kings”—Stagnation of Industry—Education—Influence of the Swedish Prisoners of War—Pioneers of Culture in Siberia—Yadrintseff on the Future of the Country
Appendix: Yakut Travel Phrases - 299, 300, 301, blank, 303, 304, 305
Index - 307, 308, 309, 310, 311, 312, 313, 314, 315
    Akmolinsk ... - 307
    Bulkur ... - 308
    Famine ... - 309
    Kangelak ... - 310
    Minusinsk ... - 311
    Rabotnik ... - 312
    Siberiakoff ... - 313
    Tschernjak ... - 314
    Yadrintseff ... - 315
Map of the authors route - map

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