- Project Runeberg -  A short practical and easy method of learning the old Norsk tongue or Icelandic language /
6

(1869) [MARC] Author: Rasmus Rask
Table of Contents / Innehåll | << Previous | Next >>
  Project Runeberg | Like | Catalog | Recent Changes | Donate | Comments? |   

Full resolution (JPEG) - On this page / på denna sida - Part I - I. The Pronounciation - II. Modification of Vowels

scanned image

<< prev. page << föreg. sida <<     >> nästa sida >> next page >>


Below is the raw OCR text from the above scanned image. Do you see an error? Proofread the page now!
Här nedan syns maskintolkade texten från faksimilbilden ovan. Ser du något fel? Korrekturläs sidan nu!

This page has been proofread at least once. (diff) (history)
Denna sida har korrekturlästs minst en gång. (skillnad) (historik)

as: veð-rit, veð-r͗, al-r͗, set-r͗; such an r will always in
future be thus accented r͗. [[** drøft halvring kontra spiritus lenis-tegn (comma above):
http://runeberg.org/norvegia08/1/0083.html + 84
glidelyder, svake aspirater, stemmer vel med det islandske og trolig svak spiritus asper/lenis. **]]

30. The principal accent is constantly on the first syllable
of the word as: vēr-ald-ar-inn-ar; the secondary accent,
lies on the penultimate in words of three or four syllables as:
Upp-lend-íng-ar, vin-átta, svārāði, not on the last
syllable, except in composed words, ending in a monosyllabic:
konúngson. [[** dansk har: konúngss!on **]]


II.

Modification of Vowels.

The Modification of vowels plays an important part in the
declension and derivation of the Old Norsk Language. It is
of a double kind.

31. a) a into ö in the principle syllable of a word if it
ends in u, as: aska, ösku. Sometimes even if u is dropped
as: blað, Plural blöð, leaves. Jafn, jöfn. Reversed:

32. ö into a if the termination be a, as: ögn, agnar,
sometimes before ir or with shortened terminations in compounds
or derivations, as: agnir, jarðvegr͗, jarðneskr͗.

33. b) Before endings in i, j, or r, even if these letters
are left out:
a into e: land, lendi — nafn, nefni;
ö e: gröf, gef — sök, sekr;
ja i: bjart, birti — djarft, dirfist;
i: hjörð, hirðir — björn, birni;
e i: regn, rignir — hverfi, hvirfill;
á æ [[** = ae]]: ráð, ræðr͗ — ná, næ;
au ey: raun, reyni — draup, dreypi;
o y: son, synir — of, yfir;
u y: guð, gyðja — full, fylli;
ú ý: hús, hýsi — prútt, prýði;
ý: bjóða, býðr͗ — hljóð, hlýði;
ý: fljúga, flýgr͗ — djúpt, dýpra;
ó œ [[** = oe]] (æ) [[** = ae]]: kló, klœr — bót, bœti.

o sometimes, although rarely into e, as:
hnot, hnetr troða, treðr;
koma, kemr of, efra, efst.


<< prev. page << föreg. sida <<     >> nästa sida >> next page >>


Project Runeberg, Sun Jul 3 21:57:19 2016 (aronsson) (diff) (history) (download) << Previous Next >>
http://runeberg.org/oldnorsk/0016.html

Valid HTML 4.0! All our files are DRM-free