- Project Runeberg -  A short practical and easy method of learning the old Norsk tongue or Icelandic language /

(1869) [MARC] Author: Rasmus Rask
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34. In the oldest norsk language there were long and
single vowels before ng, nk, these changed according to the
above rule, as: langt, löngu, lengi, in latter times these
vowels were modified into diphthongs and changed thus:
lángt, laungu, leingi.

35. Sometimes there is no modification even if i follows,
nor if even the vowel on other occasions is changed in its
root, as:
land, Dative landi;
nafn, nafni, and þánki, thought

kappi, fighter, although: ek þeinki, I think, ek keppist,
I fight are used. The reason of this appears to be that in
such cases the vowel of the termination was not i but e, as
we frequently find it in manuscripts thus: lande, nafne, þanke,

36. In the same way o is often found in terminations
instead of u, particularly, so it appears, if the chief syllable
received no modification of this kind, as: ero, váro, þíngom
etc. But according to rule, there is a difference in
such endings between e and i, o and u.

37. There are many kinds of modification in the conjugation
of the verbs, which will be mentioned in the proper place.

38. Amongst the consonants change:
ndt into tt as: batt, bandt; satt, sandt.
ngk kk sprakk, sprang; ekkja, Enke.

39. nr into nn as: steinn, steinr; seinn, seinr; seinna,

                 lr into ll, as: hóll, for hólr, sælli for sæl-ri.

40. v is dropped at the beginning of words before o, u,
y and r, as: verð, varð, urðu, yrði, orðit; as also: hverf,
hvarf, hurfu, hyrfi, horfit; rángt, vrangt, reiði, Vrede,
But we find that the Ancients frequently did not drop the v,
as: vurðu, vyrði, vordit.

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