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(1869) [MARC] Author: Rasmus Rask
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The word frœði, knowledge, is in the Singular feminine
and remains unchanged, like æfi; but in the Plural it is
neuter and is declined like kvæði.

63. Some neuters are found in the Nom. and Acc. with
and without the termination in -i, as: eing and eingi;
(Dan. Hjœlp) help; and fulltingi; sinn, and
sinni, the longer form belongs to the modern icelandic
language, but often appears in modern copies of old

64. The Masculine guð, which drops the r in the Nom.
and forms the Plur. in guðir, is distinguished from the Neuter
goð (heathen image) Plur. goð. Many words ending in i
and r form the Plur. in -ar, as:

                kærleikr̓, kærleik, or kærleiki, kærleika;
Plural kærleikar.

                sannleikr̓, sannleiki; Plural sannleikar.

The forms -leiki are common in the modern language. The
new form often gives a new signification as:

        oddr̓, a point, oddia neck of land;

        munnr̓ (Dan. Mund) mouthmunni, mouth of river;

        karl, an old manKarli, male name „Charles“.

Some differ altogether:

        bragr̓ (= staðr̓ 60) a poemBragi, male name;

        hugr̓, willhugi, sense, thought and male name Hugo;

        hlutr̓, an ounce, thinghluti, a part.

It happens sometimes that words are similar to these
terminations, without being related together, as:

                        bolr̓ (= dalr̓) blockboli, bull;

                        hagr̓, conditionhagi, garden,

It is rare that the neuter of this declension changes into the
masc. of the former, by taking the termination of i; as:

        ómak and ómaki (Gylfaginning 12) fainting fit;

        mál, speechformáli, tale;

        verk, workverki, writing, poem,

with the exception of those which lose at the same time their
entire signification, as:

        land, landlandi, countryman;

         (Dan. Bo), furniturebui, neighbour;

        höfuð (Dan. Hoved) headhöfði, Cape;

        norðr̓ (Dan. Norden) northNorðri, name of a dwarf.

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