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(1869) [MARC] Author: Rasmus Rask
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        þrátt, þrár, þrá, þráss, þrárrar, þrárra;

        auðsætt, auðsær, auðsæ (clear).

        mjótt, mjór, mjó (delicate, narrow) — trútt, trúr,

        nýtt, nýr, ný, nýss etc. (new)

Those with , are sometimes contracted if followed by a or u,
which are swallowed up by á, as:

        blá for bláublán for bláanblám for bláum.

Likewise in the definite form, as:

        hinn grái, Acc. hinn grá, Dat. hinum grá, Gen. hins
. The contracted forms belong to the modern Icelandic
and are scarcely written in old Manuscripts. The ancient language
therefore sometimes inserts f (or v) to escape the contraction,

        hátt, hár, há (high) — m. g. Acc. háfan, Dat. háfum,

        háfom (or hám); def. form háfa, háfi, háfa, háfu.

        mjófa, mjófan, mjófum; def. form mjófa, mjófi etc.

The word nýtt inserts j before all vowels, with the exception
of i, as: nýju, nýjan.

89. Some adjectives insert j or v after the last consonant,
without altering the declension, these resemble the
nouns in 57 and 58, as:

        dökkt (dökt), dökkr̓, dökk (dark);

        Plur. dökk, dökkvir (döcqvir), dökkvar;

        Def. form: dökkva, dökkvi, dökkva.

The only adjective which inserts j correctly is:

        mitt, miðr, mið — therefore:

        miðjan, miðja, miðju, miðjum, miðri.

In some words the last radical letter of which is g or k,
a j is sometimes inserted before a or u, as:

        frægt, frægr, fræg; Acc. frægan or frægjan; Dat.
frægum or frægjum.

        sekr, sekan or sekjan.

90. Monosyllables ending in r after a long vowel or diphthong
are regular, as:

        ber-t, ber-r, ber; fœr-t, fœr-r, fœr.

The masculine termination -r is dropped in modern Icelandic,
as the pronunciation has changed and the m. g. and f. g.
have become the same in the Nom.

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