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(1869) [MARC] Author: Rasmus Rask
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Those words whose vowels are short, and have therefore
a double r, drop one r in the n. g., before -t and before the
termination to satisfy the orthography as three r’s ought not to
appear; but such words retain the double r in the f. g. Nom.;
as otherwise the vowels would be long and the root deformed.
As: þurt, þurr, þurr (dry); kyrt, kyrr, kyrr (still).
Those ending in s, agree with this rule, as: laust, lauss,
laus
(free); particularly as a diphthong precedes; but hvast,
hvass, hvöss
(not hvös) because the vowel is short.

In a word with a double s the vowel is accented in the
n. g. as: vist, viss, viss.

91. If a consonant precedes the last radical letter r, it
changes before -t and s into ʼ (halfsound), never into ur; but
into r before a vowel and the terminations -ri, rar, ra, one
of the r is dropped, as a double r behind a consonant cannot
be pronounced. The following example will prove the force
of these observations:
Sing. Nom. fagr͗t fagr̓ fogr̓ (for fög-ru)
        Acc. fagr̓t fagran fagra
        Dat. fögru fogrum fagri (for fagrri)
                        
        Gen. fagr̓s fagrar (for fagrrar)
Plur. Nom. fögr̓ fagrir fagrar
        Acc. fögr̓ fagra fagrar
        
        Dat.                 fögrum
        Gen.                 fagra (for fagrra)
Definite form.
        Nom. fagra fagri fagra
        Acc. fagra; fagra; fögru.


92. Words whose characteristic letter (Kjendebogstav) is
l after a double vowel, or, if dissyllabic, stands after any
vowel, change it in the termination of r into ll (39) as:

        heilt, heill, heil and in f. g. Dat. heilli, Gen.
heillar, Plur. Gen. heilla;

        gamalt, gamall, gömul, Dat. gamalli, Gen. gamallar Plur. Gen. gamalla; thus also:

        þagalt or þögult, þögull, þögul etc.

Before terminations, beginning with a vowel, contractions occur
as: gamlan, gamla, gömlu, gömlum. Def. Form. gamla,

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