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42

(1869) [MARC] Author: Rasmus Rask
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Veld is one of the most irregular verbs: Imperf. olli,
Conj. ylli, Sup. valdit, now ollat, Infin. valda (only
olla). In the Supine differs: lifi, lifði, lifat.

140. The third Class is monosyllabic in the Present
Sing., but takes a -j before the finals in -a, -u. In the
Imperfect it has like the preceding -ta, -da, or ða, [[** ð ukursivert **]] but more
regularly da after l, n. In the Part. Past. it has sometimes
the shortened sometimes the mixed form (95). The Imperfect
and Part. Past. has only a double modification of vowel, either
e into a, or y into u, as:
glep at glepja glapta glepti glapit (glapt), to lead astray
let - letja latta letti latt, to let
vek - vekja vakti vekti vakit, to waken
kveð - kvedja kvaddi kveddi kvadi, to take leave
vel - velja valda veldi valit, to chose
ven - venja vanda vendi vanit, to wean
tem - temja tamda temdi tamit, to tame
kref - krefja krafða krefði krafit (kraft), to crave
legg - leggja laggða legði (lagit) lagt, to lay down
ber - berja barða berði barit (bart), to smite
flyt - flytja flutta flytti flutt, to carry
lyk - lykja lukta lykti lukt, to shut to
þys - þysja þusta þysti þust, to rush on
ryð - ryðja rudda ryddi rudt, to root out
hyl - hylja hulda hyldi (hult) hulit, to hide
styn - stynja stunda styndi (stunt) stunit, to groan
rym - rymja runda rymdi rumt, to roar
tygg - tyggja tugða tygði tuggit, to chew
spyr - spyrja spurða spyrði spurt, to ask
- lýja lúða lyði lúit (lúð), to hammer.


141. Irregular in the Sup is: hygg, hugða, hugat.
The five following do not change the vowel:
set at setja setta setti sett, to set
sel - selja selda seldi selt, to sell
skil - skilja skilda skildi (skilt) skilit, to separate
vil - vilja vilda vildi viljat, to will
flý - flýja flýða flýði flýit, to fly.

of these vil is found in the ancient Manuscripts in the 2nd
and 3rd person: vill (for vilr) sometimes to the 2nd person
villtu or vilt, modific. form Infin. vildu for vilja.

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