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49

(1869) [MARC] Author: Rasmus Rask
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Most of the regular verbs have o in the first syllable of the
Sup.; only those which have n after the vowel, receive u; also

        drekk, drakk, drukkit

because kk stands here for nk or ngk (38).

154. The second class is very regular. But the Verbs in
-ig have in the Imperfect not only -eig, but also the 2nd form
of the 2nd Class in e, with a dropped g, as:

stig stíga steig stigum stigi stigit
stè (stèum stèi)


Likewise: vik, vikja, veik or vèk (Paradism. S. 218).

155. The third class is also very regular; only a few have
ö in the Imperfect; occasioned by a double Consonant following
it, which is pronounced hard. Some in -ng take in the first
syllable of the Sup. after a vowel u. These ought to be added
to those which take ö in the Imperfect; but the extension of
all vowels before -ng (34) is the reason that they generally
take -aw, as:
sökk sökkva sökk sukkum sykki sokkit, to sink
stökk stökkva stökk stukkum stykki stokkit, to leap.
hrökk hrökkva hrökk hrukkum hrykki hrokkit, to move quickly
sýng sýngja saung súngum sýngi súngit, to sing.
syng syngva söng sungum syngi sungit,

Thus also slýng, slaung (Helgakv. Hundb. I. V. 33);
slungit, and þrýng, þraung, þrúngit, which are however
antiquated poetical words.


Auxiliary Verbs.

156. These auxiliary verbs are used to supply the wanting
tenses by periphrase; they are very simple in the Old Norsk,
and were less frequently in use than in the Danish, otherwise
they are about the same.

        Future periphr. man (mun) and skal;

        Future preterite. munda, skylda;

        Perfect. hefi, em (er);

        Pluperfect. hafða, var,

f. i. with the auxiliary verbs em and verð.

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