- Project Runeberg -  A short practical and easy method of learning the old Norsk tongue or Icelandic language /

(1869) [MARC] Author: Rasmus Rask
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from skot, not from skaut. Related languages show the
same, as for instance the english

        I bite, bit, I shoot, shot, with a bit, a shot, as nouns;

such is also the german:

        beisse, biss, schiesse, schoss and the nouns: Biss, Schuss.

Sometimes the German language lengthens the vowel as in

        steige, stieg; biete, bot;

but even these lengthened Imperfects harmonize with the Old
Norsk nouns:

        stig, boð, not steig, bauð.

But transitions occur from

                ei into i

                au (ey) into o (u)

even in the old norsk formation of words, as:

        veik-t – vik-na; baugr, beygi – bogi, bugr.

163. B) Adjectives which show in the Active as well as
Passive that the extention of the verb is possible. These are
so much more remarkable, as they have entirely disapeared [[** NB sic = -pp- ?? **]]
in the modern language, as:

        dræp-t, dræp-r, dræp, what one may kill;

        næm-t, to take easily, contagious,

        á-fengr, which is easily received, goes into the head, intoxicates;

        al-geng-t, (german gäng und gäbe) current, usual, from
geng, gekk, gengum;

        fœr-t, navigable, from fer, fór;

        upp-tœk-t, takeable, from tek, tók.

        fleyg-t, (german flügge) fledged, from flýg, flaug;

        neyt-t, useful, from nýt, naut etc.

164. C) Verbs, which instead of the unobjective [[** sic, = unactive e.l.?: dansk Gjo. = gjerningsord/objekt? som antage indvirkende betydning istf gjenstandsløs (betydning?) **]] take the
active signification, or if the root were active they take the
figurative signification as:

        svæfi, to fall asleep, from sef, svaf, sváfum;

        sæti, to watch, from sit, sat, sátum;

        hængi, to hang up, from hangi, hekk, hengum;

        felli, to fell, from fell, fell-um;

        breyti, to alter, from brýt, braut;

        neyti, to eat etc.


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