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344

(1555) [MARC] [MARC] Author: Olaus Magnus
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Full resolution (JPEG) - On this page / på denna sida - Liber Decimus. De bellis navalibus - Cap. XVI. De punitione rebellium nautarum - Cap. XVII. De cautelis obseruandi maritima leges

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344        DE BELLIS NAVALIBUS

Iteratio pœnæ. fuerit, supinus reponitur, aut pronus, nc intereat suffocatus. Quidam vero enormitate
Pœna proditorum. sceleris, aut rebellionis, proditionisue, præsertim in bello navali manifeste notati,
totaliter vivi mittuntur in mare, ne totam classem versuta machinatione disperdant.
Immunitas deliquentium in prora. Reliqui pro minutis facinoribus immunitatem in prora celerrime petita,
repositam habent, vel antequam eam intraverint, sociorum manum apprehensi, ternatibus
Nates torquentur ad malum. ad antennam, vel malum torti, eum impetum sentiunt, vt quasi meridie suspiciant
stellas. Hæ & similes pœnæ, immo graviores, e constitutionibus vetustissimæ
Leges Visbycensium. vrbis Visbycensis in insula Gotlandie, dominio Regis Suetiæ & Gothiæ perpetuo
jure subjecta, quatenus opus fuerit, extensiori modo repetentur. Et licet vrbs
illa ( vt superius lib. III. dictum esse potentissima, ac opulentissima quondam fuerit,
& pro minima occasione, nempe fractione vnius fenestralis vitri, vix valoris obularis,
Extensio legum latissima. humiliata sit: tamen leges maritime, & decisiones omnium controversiarum singulariter
longe lateque vsque ad columnas Herculis, & vltimum mare Scythicum ex ea
petuntur, & datæ observantur, vt cuncta sub debita tranquillitate peragantur, quæ pacificis
commerciis valeant, & debeant convenire.
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De cautelis observandi maritimas leges.

CAP. XVII.

Præfectus sagax.                                         OFFICIALIBVS marinis, vt nautis, vel aliis populis
                                        præfectus non vno consilio preditus invenitur, sed
Feroces.                                         pluribus ac circumspectis, juxta delinquentium exorbitatem.
Mansueti.                                         Feroces districtione premendi sunt, mansueti civiliter
Dolosi.                                         admonendi, dolosi caute, simplices sub levitate tractandi
Simplices.                                         sunt. Et ideo vbique probatur esse necessaria prudentia,
Prudentia necessaria.                                         quoniam rebus omnibus adhibere videtur accommoda.
                                        Ideoque contra nullum erigi, stringique leges congruit, nisi
Coactus justitia servas.                                         qui eisdem parere contemnit: nec ad forum trahendus, nisi
qui justitiam despexerit, aut inobediendo contradixerit veritati, vt tandem coactus
faciat, qui justa sponte complere recusat. Is culpa caret, qui imperata complere conatur.
Leges terrore defenduntur. Tanta etenim est in perversissimo hominum congressum diversitas, vt nemo
poterit leges defendere, nisi terrorem, & forte cruorem admisceat in temperamento.
Medicina diversa. Aegris non vna causa salutis est: alter nanque cibis reficitur, alter per abstinentiæ beneficia
tenuatur: hic lavachra mollia, hic feræ quærit ad vulnera, & varium poseit
Viri fortes modesti sunt, remedium diversa qualitas passionum. Viri fortes semper in mari, terra, paceque
modesti sunt, & justitiam valde diligunt, qui plurima pericula, ac prælia tractaverunt:


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