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530

(1555) [MARC] [MARC] Author: Olaus Magnus
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530        DE ECCLESI. DISCIPLI.


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De scholis, & educatione juventutis.

CAP. I.

Cura antiquorum de juventa bene instituenda.                                         QVANTVM antiquis præceptoribus, præsertim Platoni,
                                        diligens & fidelis puerorum, ac juventutis educatio
                                        curæ fuerit, plurimis libris suarum legum evidentissimis
                                        rationibus attestatur: quos qui pervident, aut audierit,
Via inscrutabilis juvenum.                                         non satis admirari, sed nec imitari queat, quod tam insigni
                                        prudentia præditus, sit solicitus ille homo pro ea ætate
                                        dirigenda, cujus vestigia difficilima ( Sapiente teste)
                                        sint cognitu. Asserit etiam tales fieri magistratus in Republica,
                                        quales fuerint adolescentes in moribus educati.
Quod dudum attendentes incolæ Septentrionales, Græcorum ingeniis, & gymnasiis
Magistratus talis &c. juventutem suam, grata interveniente amicitia, mutuaque opera, offerebant instituendam.
Habebant nihilominus Gothi suos præceptores pro pueris partim educandis,
partim pro Republica dirigenda doctissimos, Græcis non impares in quamvis
Præceptores gothicæ juventutis. eruditione, privatim vel publice demonstranda: vt erant Zenta, Diceneus, Salmoxes
Pythagoricus. Præterea habebant Zarobos, Tereos, Pileatos: e quibus Reges, &
sacerdotes eligebantur: vt Ethespanta, Havale, Fridigerni &c. de quibus in superioribus
Nomina præceptorum Gothorum. libris nonnihil est ostensum. Ex his igitur primi Gothi optima
hauserunt disciplinas, atque continuo ævo, successivisque generationibus avide observandas
tradiderunt: arbitrantes ignaviam a hominibus, & malignitatem arceri posse,
Legitimi philosophi arcent stultitiam. vbi legitimi philosophi dominarentur, aut divina quadam sorte philosopharentur.
Philosophorum enim officium est, divina nosse, & humana gubernare, primo
per philosophiam contemplativam, deinde per activam. Et hæc quoque duo requirit,
vt quid humana natura sit, & quo pacto ad bonum dirigatur, & a malo removeatur,
Officium philosophorum. agnoscat: hoc fit per prudentiam, secundum quod affectus
se cohibeat, vt ad bonum, quod sapientia invenerat, & prudentia
direxerat, facile tendat. Aliqui tamen in
agendo plus, quam disputando, experti
sunt.
Expertiores agendo fiunt homines.

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