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(1555) [MARC] [MARC] Author: Olaus Magnus
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646        DE AVIBUS.


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De multiplici genere Avium, & earum distinctione.

CAP. I.

Distinctio avium.                                         DISTINGVVNTVR itaque in frigidis, sicuti & aliis
                                        nationibus aves, vt quædam carnivoræ sint, vt aquilæ: &
                                        quædam semine vtantur, vt anseres: quædam fortuito cibo,
Differentia alia.                                         vt cornices: quædam vermibus, vt galli: quædam in aëre
                                        reflexo volatu nutriuntur, vt hirundines. Est etiam diversitas
                                        accipitres. Ex contra vero grues, & columbæ societate gaudent.
                                        Aliæ adventitiæ, vt ciconiæ, & hirundines: aliæ
                                        manibus subjectæ, quæ tactu mansuescunt, & mulcentur, vt
                                        accipitres, & monedulæ: aliæ communi domicilio fruuntur cum hominibus, vt hirundines:
aliæ deserta, vt turtures, frequentant, libertatis amore victum quærentes: aliæ
obstrepunt, vt picæ: aliæ canunt, vt merula: aliæ noctu vlulant, vt bubones: aliæ die
cantant, vt fere omnes: aliæ æstate, vt cuculi: aliæ vtroque, vt passeres & aquilæ, tempore
Psittaci rari & importanti in aquilone. perennes: aliæ vocem humanam imitantes, vt psittaci, quibus veluti raris hospitibus
importatis, gaudet regio Septentrionalis, nam & ibi loquentes secreta domestica
revelant: aliæ Regibus subjectæ, vt grues, & apes: quædam confricantur ad
Corvi albi & falcones. purgationem in cinere, vel arena, vt sturni: quædam semetipsas regunt, vt pici, &
graculi: quædam rarius apparentes, vt corvi albi, & falcones, picæ, & passeres.
Magna quoque differentia vocum, & morum: rapax aquila, lascivus gallus, diligens
pavo, libidinosa columba, dolosa perdix atque zelotypa, crudelis struthio,
Distinctio avium alia. qui in Septentrionem nunquam videtur, sed eius natura suffertur: item garrula pica,
monedula furax. Est & alia volucrum distinctio in pedibus, & rostris. Aut enim
habent vngues aduncos, vt aquilæ, & falcones: aut digitos palmipedes, vt anseres,
& aquaticæ fere omnes. Est & alia distinctio, vt quædam mutent colorem, vt turdi,
& grues in senectute: quædam vocem, vt gallinæ: quædam colorem & vocem,
vt merulæ, & lusciniæ: quædam senio canant, vt cygni, tuncque præcones sui fati:
quædam in æstate dulciter, & in hyeme male canunt: quædam diversis vocibus quolibet
die mutant vocem, vt kyces: quædam taeent in hyeme, vt turtures, & hirundines
quædam hyeme variant, & quædam æstate cantum.
Adhuc


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