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(1555) [MARC] [MARC] Author: Olaus Magnus
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LIBER XIX.        647


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Adhuc de earum distinctione.

CAP. II.

                                        QVÆDAM etiam aves rapinis intentæ, vt superius dictumAves rapaces.
                                        est, societatem horrent. Nam propter aviditatem
                                        prædandi, vel insidias explorandi, nec ipsæ conveniunt,
                                        nisi lege conjugii: refugit enim avaritia consortiumAvaritia refugit consortium.
                                        plurimorum. Aves rapaces acuti visus sunt, quia indigent
                                        ex alto remotius, profundiusque videre: quibus pennæ
                                        fluunt, & redeunt ad vigorem: nec nisi duos producunt
                                        pullos. Si plures, projiciunt eos, vt aquilæ. Omnes aves
                                        prædatrices venantur prædam alterius generis, non de sua
specie, contra naturam piscium. Solus nisus expers est pietatis hujus. Aves prædatricesNisus.
fugitivæ loris revocantur. Distinguuntur etiam aves in sumendis nutrimentis. Aves prædatrices.
Quædam enim carnes comedentes, incurvata rostra habet, vt eas teneant: quædam
grana comedentes, subtilia habent rostra, atque lata, sicuti aquaticæ, vt e profundo
victum rodant: quædam etiam rostra longiora habet, & hæ crura longiora: quædam
colla recta. Vulturum rostrum in senectute arcuatur. Bubo a reliquis avibusBubo a reliquis deplumatur.
deplumatur. Reliquæ aves perdunt plumas in pullificatione. Est & genus avium
quoddam, præeminentes in medio capitis plumas instar galeæ habens. Vultur ea
quæ venatur, vel cum quibus pugnat, stupefacit alis percutiendo. Aquilarum pennæPennæ aquilarum.
mixtas reliquarum alitum pennas devorant, prout superius dictum est, de pellibus
luporum, & ovium: ita & cattorum, ac glirium. Est & alia differentia earum in
alis, vngulisque plurium, vel paucorum digitorum: quia pleræque quatuor digitos habent,
tres anterius, & vnum posterius. Bubo tamen duos ante, & duos post. Bubo.
Omnes autem aquaticæ pellem in digitis habentes, gregatim ambulant.
Picus marinus vncorum vnguium est, ideo semper in volatu. Nec
aves terrestres vncos habet ad ambulandum, præsertim in
petris, idoneos. Suntque brevioris colli, &
magnarum alarum.


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