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(1555) [MARC] [MARC] Author: Olaus Magnus
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LIBER XIX.        679


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De nivalibus Aviculis.

CAP. XXXV.

                                        EST præterea admiranda quarundam avium Aquilonarium
                                        natura, quod in sylvarum solitudine ita sese contineant, vt
                                        ibi genitæ humanis habitaculis nunquam, vel raro appropinquent. Aves nivales.
                                        Sturnorum magnitudinem, & colorem æstate
                                        habent: hyeme vero multiplicatis nivibus semper candidæ
                                        apparent, veluti cygni. Pedes earum rubei, vt nigrarum
                                        ciconiarum: sed rostrum croceo colorem decorum, breve tamen
                                        & acutum. Cibus earum, vt cæterarum avium, vermiculiCibus avium.
                                        inter cortices rimosarum arborum latitantes, vel aridi
pinorum, aut abietum, aut coryli fructus: quæ etiam sub asperrima hyeme vim
nutrimenti non amittunt. Sed difficile capiuntur retibus, laqueis, arcubus, aut balistis,
ob nivium profunditatem, cum pulchriorem colorem habeant, quam saporem.
Vbi vero alites prædictæ concavitates nivium, veluti abditas specus sortitæ
fuerint, eas ingrediuntur, sese balneantes, vti pulvere gallus, vel sturnus arena: deindeAves nivib’ se balneantes.
cacumina arborum nivibus oppressarum repetunt, tanquam locum naturæ beneficio
majorem voluptatem administraturum: immo & necessitatem, vt eminentius
præcaveant insidias importunas accipitrum: quibus visis se in medias nives intrudunt,
vt passeres contra milvum inter spinas, & demum nivibus consumptis, inter
arbores densas tempore veris. Quando ab albedine in cinereum colorem naturali varietate
transeunt, vitam degunt placidam, nullum inter rapaces alites accipitre minore sentientesAccipiter avium hostis acerbior.
hostem severiorem. Quod vero cernuntur arbores sub candidis illis avibus
incurvatæ, maximam abundantiam nivium signat: quia proceræ arbores velut semicirculi,
aut arcus in terram depressæ, per menses Decembrem, Ianuarium,
& Februarium, aut amplius detinentur. Adhæret enim nix densa, latioribusAbundantia nivium anni fertilitate prænuntiat.
ramis frigore congelata: augeturque frequenti nivium
casu, vt sæpius importabili onere vastæ arbores vel rumpantur,
vel in partes dividantur.


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