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688

(1555) [MARC] [MARC] Author: Olaus Magnus
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688        DE AVIBUS.


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De diversis Avibus natura contrariis.

CAP. XLIIII.

                                        REPERIVNTVR etiam pleræque aves diversæ speciei,
                                        magnitudinis, & coloris in vasta solitudine versus polum
Landzrygga sylva sub polo.                                         Landzrygga dicta, id est, terræ dorsum: quarum præsentia
                                        solis aspectibus aucupium sine vlteriori naturæ notitia offertur.
Aves ignotæ.                                         Peregrinæ sunt a vicinioribus Scythiæ desertis per terras
                                        & maria pervenientes, verno præsertim tempore, vt rupes
                                        hominibus inaccessas, sobolem producturæ inhabitent,
                                        atque autumno recedant. Nec aliquæ nisi captivæ relinquuntur:
                                        inter quas quædam apparent discolores, e vertice emittentes
antrorsum plumas albas, totum caput tegentes: acutissimasque vngulas quantitate
aquilæ habentes: ac e serpentibus, & muribus victum quærunt. Videntur
Aves candidæ. præterea aves candidæ toto corpore, præter caudam, quæ fusco est, & rubeo commixta
colore, corvo majores: quæ bufones, ranas, bestialque venenatas comedere
Vlulæ in die volantes. visæ sunt: ideo aucupes ab illis abstinent intercipiendis. Præterea aliæ, vt vlulæ,
sed luce volantes, in putridis arboribus habitantes apparent. Admiratur Plinius
lib. X. cap. XXIX. miram naturæ differentiam: quia alia aliis locis negat, tanquam
genera fruticum, frugumue, sic & animalium: non nasci, translatitium: invecta
emori, mirum. Quid est illud vnius generis saluti(noctuæ videlicet in Creta)adversum
Rhodus aquilam non habet. quæve est ista naturæ invidia ? aut qui terrarum dicati avibus termini ? Rhodus
aquilam non habet. Transpadana Italia juxta alpes Larium lacum appellat, amœnum
arbusto agro, ad quem ciconiæ non transmeant. Picus Martius in Tarentino
agro negatur esse. Perdices non transvolant Bœotiæ fines in Attica: nec vlla avis
Achillis sepulchrum infestat in Ponto. Nec Herculis ædem Romæ in foro Boario,
muscæ, aut canes intrant. Non tamen hic negat Plinius invectitias (teste Theophrasto )
Aves quidam mustant colorem, vocem et mansionem. in Asia esse columbas, pavones, & corvos, sicuti superius dictum erat de psittacis,
seu papagallis. Alia est etiam admiratio, quod quædam mutant colorem &
vocem cerso tempore anni, ac repente fiunt aliæ, vt grues, quæ senectute nigrescunt.
Merula e nigra rubescit. Turdis color æstate circa cervicem varius,
hyeme concolor. Sunt etiam aves anate majores, versicolores, quæ canum latratus
per omnia


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