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738

(1555) [MARC] [MARC] Author: Olaus Magnus
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738        DE PISCIB. MONSTRO.


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De pugna Balenæ contra Orcam.


CAP. IX.


Balenarum magnitudo.                                         BALENA, etsi quantitate maxima, centum scilicet,
                                        aut CCC. pedum longitudine, & vastissima corporis
Orca minor balena sed crudelior.                                         mole prædita, tamen orcam quantitate minorem, sed agilitate
                                        tam in saltu, quam aggressu crudeliorem, sibi infestam
                                        habet. Est autem orca similitudine carinæ inversæ,
                                        belua truculenta dentibus, quibus ceu Liburnicarum rorstris
                                        secreta balenæ, ac vituli eius corpus lacerat, vel celeritet
                                        aculeato dorso discurrit eam agitando, vt in vada littoraque
Fuga infirmior ob grave pondus.                                         protrudat. Illa verd, scilicet balena, pondere vasti
corporis ad flexum immobilis, ad repugnandum astutiæ orcæ iners, in fuga vnicum
præsidium collocat: licet ea fuga infirmior sit, ed quod ignava belua pondere suo
Musculus balenæ masculus. onerata, ad vada periculaque evitanda directore indigeat. Vnde fit, vt eam longissmus
præcedat piscis, colore candidus, quem Isidorus masculum balenæ, & Plinius
musculum vocat, qui ob naturalem amicitiam beneficium hujusmodi præstat. Dicit
enim idem Plin. lib. IX. cap. vltimo: At e contrario amicitiæ exempla sunt, præter
illos de quorum diximus societate, balena & musculus: quando prægravi superciliorum
Balena in arena dormit. pondere obrutis eius oculis, infestantia magnitudinem vada prænatans demonstrat,
oculorumque vice fungitur. Ingreditur etiam arenam balena æstuante sole,
ibique vti vitulus marinus prosundem dormit, ita vt funibus alligata sæpius occupantibus
cedat, vt idem Plin. eod. lib. cap. XIX. dicit de exocœto, marino mure,
polypo et muræna. Celetus(de quo Alber. lib. XXIIII. de animal. )aded gravi sonno
Pisces quidam manu capiuntur dormientes. opprimitur, vt manu dum dormit capi queat, quemadmodum etiam de rosmaro,
sive morso, inferius dicetur. Denique delphini, balenæ, & quæcunque
fistulam gerunt, quomodo edita per summa æquoris fistula dormiant,
apud Aristotelem lib. IIII. cap. X de
animal. requiratur.


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