- Project Runeberg -  A Précis of the Public Law of Finland /

(1889) [MARC] Author: Leo Mechelin Translator: Charles J. Cooke
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In 1808 Finland was invaded by Alexander
I., whose object was to force Gustavus IV. to
adhere to the continental blockade, as well as
to complete the conquest of the country. He
announced his intentions towards Finland by
means of several proclamations, the most
remarkable of which is the manifesto of June
5-17, 1808, in which the Emperor declares that,
in uniting Finland to Russia, he solemnly
guarantees to maintain the laws and liberties of
the land. At this time the definite issue of the
war was still undecided.

Towards the end of the year all the territory
of the Grand Duchy was evacuated by the
Swedish and Finnish troops, but hostilities
were, nevertheless, continued up to the summer
of 1809. The Emperor did not wish to wait
for the termination of the war before entering
into negotiations with the representatives of
Finland, in order to organise his rule in the
country. A Finnish deputation, elected by the
nobility, the clergy, the burgesses, and the
peasantry, on the Emperor’s reiterated order,
assembled at St. Petersburg, in November,

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