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(1889) [MARC] Author: Leo Mechelin Translator: Charles J. Cooke
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festo embodying his promise to maintain tlie
inviolability of the fundamental laws. At the


same time he issues a decree ordering* the
in-habitants to take the oath of fealty to the

(14) The political organisation of the Grand
Duchy is that of a Constitutional Monarchy.

The authority to rule the countiy belongs to
the Emperor and Grand Duke—" to Him and
to no other."

This authority is limited by the statutes ; it
is exercised in the manner established by the
fundamental laws.

It is incumbent 011 the Emperor and Grand Duke
to uphold and execute the laws of the State.*

* Here is the text of which we Have given a resume above
(par. 2 of the law on the form of government) :

The Emperor and Grand Duke " has the right to govern the
State, as the law directs, Ile and no other ; he must uphold,
love, and maintain justice and truth ; but prohibit, avert, and
suppress violence and injustice ; must wrong no man whether in
his life, his honour, his personal liberty or his interests, without
his being legally convicted and condemned ; neither deprive
anyone nor allow anyone to be deprived of his personal or real
estate, without examination and trial in the order prescribed
by the statutes ; and rule the country according to the King’s
Chapter of the code of the laud, and the present law on the
form of government."—( Authornote.)


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