- Project Runeberg -  A Précis of the Public Law of Finland /
34

(1889) [MARC] Author: Leo Mechelin Translator: Charles J. Cooke
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34 TIIE PUBLIC LAW OF FINLAND.

The judicial authority in the last instance is
exercised in His Majesty’s name.

The Emperor and Grand Duke has the right,
in criminal matters, to pardon, to commute the
penalty of death, to pronounce the
rehabilitation of and to return forfeited property.

The Emperor and Grand Duke commands the
military forces, provides for the defence of the
country, declares war, concludes treaties of
peace, of alliance, and so forth.

The Emperor and Grand Duke appoints to
the higher offices of State.

He has the right of conferring titles on
persons who have particularly well merited of the
Sovereign or of the country ; lie may also raise
nobles to the rank of baron or count.

By means of naturalisation, the Emperor
may grant to foreigners and Russian subjects
the status of Finnish citizens.

We will notice later on the manner in which
the above-mentioned prerogatives and privileges
of the executive, a part of which has been
delegated to the Finnish Senate, are exercised.

(15) Legislative power is exercised conjointly

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