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41

(1889) [MARC] Author: Leo Mechelin Translator: Charles J. Cooke
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Til E ORGANS OF GOVERNMENT.

11

The Functions of the Department of Justice.

(19) Tlie Department of Justice has to see
that justice is administered in the country
according’ to law.

It is the tribunal, in the last instance, which
tries civil and criminal cases that are the
subject of an appeal to the Sovereign, after
being adjudged by a court of appeal, or by a
special tribunal for the distribution of land, or
even by a higher military tribunal ; sentences of
death, however, before being put into execution,
are submitted to the Emperor for ratification.

The department examines appeals for pardon,
which, if the grounds for the same are good,
are submitted to the Emperor ; otherwise they
are refused. But in cases of condemnation to
death, the appeal for mercy must always be
referred to the decision of the Emperor.*

The department is also authorised to pardon
persons sentenced to fine or imprisonment for
misdemeanours, as well as to commute or

* The sentence of death has never been carried out since
182g.—(Author’s note.)

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