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103

(1889) [MARC] Author: Leo Mechelin Translator: Charles J. Cooke
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THE STATE AND RELIGION.

103

(except those belonging to the Russo-Grreek
Church) must pay to the Lutheran clergy are
fixed by State laws ; the other dues, either for
the clergy or for the building and repair of
churches, are likewise based on legislative
provisions, which, however, allow the parishioners
to regulate these dues by conventions, to be
submitted to the sanction of the Senate.

The law of 1869, on the organisation of the
Lutheran Church, has developed the
administrative autonomy of the parishes, and freed the
Church from State tutelage, without modifying
any of the economical privileges. According
to this organisation, there are four authorities
for administering Church matters—the council,
the chapter, the parish council, and the
congregation. Each of these authorities lias
distinct powers and functions.

The council is the Church parliament or
convocation. It rests with it to propose legislative
measures for the organisation of the Lutheran
Church. Any projected measure adopted by
the council is submitted to the Emperor and to
the Diet. Thus, in ecclesiastical matters, the

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