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111

(1889) [MARC] Author: Leo Mechelin Translator: Charles J. Cooke
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JUDICIAL ORGANISATION. Ill

larger towns, however, there are two
burgomasters, the one devoted exclusively to the
court, whilst the other is at the head of the
municipality. The court may be separated into
sections. In order to pass judgment or
sentence, three members must be present. It lias
jurisdiction in all civil and criminal matters.
But, in cases of infamous crimes, the sentence,
whether it be one of condemnation or acquittal,
must be submitted to the court of appeal ; all
maritime cases require the presence at the
court of two experts, as assessors, who are
chosen by the court for a period of one year.

All judgments or sentences of a town court
can be appealed against.

(b) The country outside the towns is divided
into sixty jurisdictions (domsaga), each of
which comprises from three to five judicial
districts (tingslag). For each jurisdiction
there is only one judge (häradshöfding), learned
in the law, who is nominated by the Emperor.
The district court (häradsrätt) is composed of
this judge, as president, and of at least five
councillors (nämndemän) chosen from among

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