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(1887) [MARC] Author: Viktor Rydberg Translator: Alfred Corning Clark With: Hans Anton Westesson Lindehn
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THE ROMAN EMPERORS IN MARBLE. 1 35
The galleries contain many antique busts to which
Seneca’s name has been given ; most of them, perhaps
all, wrongly. Unkempt hair hanging down over the
forehead, and a dim-sighted look, distinguish them all,
however unlike they otherwise are. Those who named
these busts, seem to have thought only of the Stoic
philosopher, and confused him with the cynic. Seneca
was in his younger years a handsome man, and favorite
with the women ; his exterior in his elder days, is de-
scribed as refined and dignified.
Lucan had been the friend of Nero’s youth. How
the emperor’s pleasing appearance had blinded the poet,
one sees in his poem " Pharsalia,’’ where his admiration
for the prince struggles with his enthusiasm for the re-
public. But gradually a coolness arose between the friends.
The author of " Troica " envied the author of" Pharsa-
lia ;
" and with the envy, was associated suspicion of the
republican and Stoic. Placed before the tribunal, Lucan
was overcome a moment by cowardice, and denounced
his own mother, and many friends, as sharers in the con-
spiracy. He bitterly regretted that moment. When the
blood streamed from his opened veins, and he felt his feet
growing cold, he began his song of" The Dying Warrior,"
and expired with the song upon his lips.
A third Stoic, the aged commander and jurist, Cassius
Longinus, was banished because, among the portraits of
his ancestors, he had also that of Cassius, the slayer of
Julius Caesar. His young, morally pure disciple Lucius
Silanus, whom some of the conspirators would have made
emperor, was sentenced to exile, but murdered in Cam-
pania, by Nero’s emissaries. Their leader advised him to
open his veins ; but Silanus said "he would not spare the
murderers their honorable task," and went unarmed into

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