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(1923) [MARC] Author: Fridtjof Nansen - Tema: Russia
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1 92 1 in the fight against the famine, our organi
sation has constantly used the Russian harbours
for the transport of our goods, arid I have received
regular reports from our technical representatives
on the spot.
They have been surprised at the rapidity with
which many repairs were carried out in spite of
great difficulties .
Novorossisk, for instance, which had been
bombarded by the Turks in 191 4, and where some
of the warehouses had been burnt down in 1920,
was largely repaired. Its stone quays have
now been restored, whereas the wooden quays,
which are of greater extent, have still not been
put right. The fixed and floating cranes and
several of the huge corn elevators are working,
and the personnel is to a large extent the same as
before the war.
In the summer of 1922 the imports to the port
of Petrograd totalled 900,000 tons of goods, and
the exports 300,000 tons. This represents 22 per
cent. of the goods in transit via this port in 191 3.
It is well known what an influence it has always
had on Russia’s foreign policy that the country has
no other important exits than those through two
locked seas, the Baltic and Black Sea, to which
others hold the keys. Russian exports and imports
can therefore be smothered at any time, and this
permanent dependence upon the course of foreign
politics fosters a continual feeling of insecurity in
Here again I believe that by establishing a

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