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(1923) [MARC] Author: Fridtjof Nansen - Tema: Russia
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As we have noticed in Chapter 111, the Soviet
Government tried to get the "money" factor
gradually eliminated from Russia’s economic life.
In a communist State this medium of exchange
is really unnecessary : the nationalised products
of industry and the peasants’ produce, after
subtracting what is needed for their own use,
passes into a State fund, and the State distributes
it among the consumers. Any surplus of goods
is disposed of on the foreign market through the
publicly authorised channels.
Bank credit is also unnecessary : the Govern
ment, controlling products of all kinds, supplies
the various economic organs of the nation with
whatever they require. The peasant hands over
to the State his corn, flax, milk, cattle ; but has
a right to receive in return from the State all
the manufactured articles he needs ; implements,
clothing, footwear, agricultural machinery, etc. The
workman receives a " pajok " (food ration), and
cards authorising him to procure whatever he needs
from the States stores.
The State budget was to be calculated in
products, and no longer in money values.

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