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101

(1923) [MARC] Author: Fridtjof Nansen - Tema: Russia
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AGRICULTURE 101
depends for practically all its imports of corn.
In 1 91 3 Russia’s exports of corn even exceeded
10 million tons.
At the same time Russia supplied Europe with
nearly 8 million tons of forest products, 6,276,000
head of animals (she had more than 25 million
goats, 37 million cows, 45 million sheep, and so
on), and its dairy industry had made remarkable
progress in the course of only a few years. The
export of butter from Western Siberia, which was
2,600 tons in 1898, rose in 1906 to 48,700 tons,
in 1909 to 58,000 tons, and in 1913 to 82,000
tons. In the months of June and July ten to
fourteen trains, each with twenty-five wagons of
butter, left Siberia every week.
Between 1907 and 191 1 between 300,000 and
350,000 tons of hemp, and especially of flax, were
despatched abroad annually.
On the other hand, Russia’s and Siberia’s 1 00
million peasants provided a vast market for foreign
industry and trade, even if their annual purchasing
power was not put higher than 22 gold roubles
and 43 kopeks (less than 60 gold francs or about
£2 7s. 7d.), and it was gradually going up.
An interesting League of Nations report on the
" Economic Conditions of Russia " describes in
striking fashion the terrible decline of Russian
agriculture during the Great War and the civil
wars, and to this report I would refer the reader.
This investigation is one of the few foreign
economic publications concerning Russia which is
inspired by a desire to understand the facts and

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