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(1923) [MARC] Author: Fridtjof Nansen - Tema: Russia
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his extremely primitive farm implements, such as
the wooden plough, by modern implements and
machinery. Living in his thatched hut, void of
comfort and hygiene, he passed his days in
primitive simplicity.

In order that the peasant, to whom the revolution
has given the land, may farm it methodically and
enterprisingly, he must be encouraged to improve
his standard of life, and must at the same time be
given the means of doing so. It will mean waging
a fight against the tendency to revert to an even
lower level than before, a tendency discernible
in many Russian villages in consequence of the
break in economic relations between the country
and the towns brought about by the war and
social disturbances.

A report on “Problems of Economy in the
Country,” which the Supreme Council of National
Economy sent to me, states that since the
revolution agriculture has not received value in
manufactured goods equivalent to the farm produce
supplied in the towns. “In consequence it cannot
meet the reduced market in the towns and the
loss of the foreign markets except by lowering
its own production.”

It is not enough, therefore, to supply the Russian
peasant with machines and seed-corn. It is
necessary to help him to rise to a higher standard
of life, to improve his house, to build schools, to
develop the ambition of the country population.
At the same time the sale of agricultural produce
at home and abroad must be reorganised; for

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