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(1923) [MARC] Author: Fridtjof Nansen - Tema: Russia
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up undertakings which were organised on
communistic lines. Now it is understood that the
only way to increase production is to give advances
to the peasants themselves, to give them the
possibility of making themselves economically
independent. General prosperity is simply the sum
of the prosperity of all the individuals.

It is further important to note that many
institutions for granting agricultural credit are
actually being formed in Russia, and that the
peasants themselves are striving to improve their
position. The peasant co-operatives, which have
preserved the principle of voluntary membership,
are very active organisations. Their object is
to arrange the sale of agricultural produce, and
on the other hand to procure for the peasantry
whatever they require. At the end of 1922 some
25,000 societies were united in the “Pan-Russian
Union of Agricultural Co-operatives”
(“Selskosojus”), which includes 3 million peasant farms.
These figures do not include the co-operatives in
Ukraine, which have formed a separate organisation.

Selskosojus has just been granted the right to
send its own representatives abroad; its
operations will only be approved and checked by the
Commissariat of Foreign Trade. It will aim at
selling all kinds of agricultural products, especially
textile raw materials, and will buy agricultural
machinery and implements. Its work will increase
manifold if foreign countries will show confidence
and give it credit.

In spite of these signs of recovery, it must

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