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(1923) [MARC] Author: Fridtjof Nansen - Tema: Russia
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CHAPTER IX
INDUSTRY
We have already seen that agricultural production
is the real motive power of the economic life of
Russia. In particular its exports of corn would
profoundly influence Europe ’s economic equili
brium.
Nevertheless, the country’s industry, and not its
agriculture, has chiefly engaged the attention of
the Soviet Government until lately, w7hich is
easily explained by the fact that the workers
formed a majority of the Bolshevik party’s votaries.
Nationalised industry, under the administration of
the Supreme Council for National Economy and
its delegates, has provided the experimental field
in which the communist theories have been carried
out.
That it has emerged from these experiments
impoverished and disorganised is common know
ledge. But it must not be forgotten that the
Great War and the civil war had already dealt
it a severe blow. It is not surprising, therefore,
that the coal output in the coal-field of Donetz
sank between 191 7 and 1920 from 25 million tons
to 4’ 5 millions, when we recollect that this field
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