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124

(1923) [MARC] Author: Fridtjof Nansen - Tema: Russia
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124 RUSSIA AND PEACE
changed hands more than eleven times in that
period, being won and lost in turn by the Soviet
and the anti -Soviet troops.
It is unnecessary to take up much space here
with a picture of the decline of Russian industry
between the end of 1 9 1 7 and the beginning of
1 92 1, when the "new economic policy" was
adopted, with results which I shall endeavour to
outline. A few figures will suffice to show how
production went down at an uncanny pace until
the spring of 1921, thereafter to rise again in
a marked degree.
Textile Industry,
Cotton Yarn
(in poods).
Year.
23,588,000
1914
1,824.4
1917
I9iB 7303
1919 511
1920 466 825,000
*1921 472 1,075,000
3,056,000
J1922 592
* From October 1, 1920, to October
f From October 1, 1921, to October
1, 1921.
1, 1922.
These few statistics are sufficient to show that
although the whole industry of Russia is beginning
to rise from the depth to which it had sunk, its
different branches are by no means equally situated.
The lighter industry, manufacturing goods which
find a ready sale on the market, is recovering
much more rapidly than the heavy industry; the
recovery of the latter within a reasonable time is,
Output of Coal in
millions of poods
(i pood = i6-4 kilos).
Dutput of Petroleum
n millions of poods.
523
233
269
234
235
283

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