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132

(1923) [MARC] Author: Fridtjof Nansen - Tema: Russia
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132 RUSSIA AND PEACE
merely express the hope that both sides will
earnestly endeavour to find a solution which
will make it possible to resume work together.
I am very much afraid that if this does not come
about, Russia will require a long time to recover,
whereas her prosperity will be vital for the restora
tion of sound economic relations in Europe and
the world at large. I
I must add that I have been struck by the
energetic and serious efforts by which Russia is
trying to reorganise her industry. The disorder
and anarchy which prevailed at the beginning of
the revolution have been left far behind; the
real danger now is bureaucracy far more than
lack of discipline. The " Soviet workers " have
no longer the right to interfere in the management
of the business, and it is interesting to note that
the average output of the workmen has gradually
increased.
In Donetz, for instance, a miner in -1920 pro
duced only 39 per cent. of the quantity of coal
he was able to get in 191 3. This monthly per
centage of production rose in 1921 to 56 per
cent., and in 1922 to 97 per cent. of what it
was in 1 9 1 3 ; but this latter percentage was only
obtained by partially sacrificing important repairs,
as mentioned above.
In the petroleum industry the large reduction
in the number of casual workers employed has
brought about an increase in the workman’s
average monthly production, which was 1,087
poods (1 7’ 1 84 tons) in October, 1922, as

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