- Project Runeberg -  Through Siberia - the land of the future /

(1914) [MARC] Author: Fridtjof Nansen Translator: Arthur G. Chater - Tema: Russia
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the slopes are a little way off, in front and behind, they
appear to be hanging in the air, with bright water below
them, in which they are reflected with a reversed image ;
and this mirage is more pronounced the farther off they
are. This is evidently caused, as I said before, by the water
being so much warmer than the air. At 6.30 p.m. the
temperature of the water was 9*9° C. (49*8° F.), while
that of the air 6 feet above the surface of the water
was 8-2° C. (46-7° F.).
On the right bank, just opposite Selo Igarskoye
(in latitude 67° 27’ N.) we saw for the first time some
outcrops of rock. These knolls were quite low and
only just rose above the sandy bank. Seen through
the glass the rock looked like a rather loose schist, with
layers sloping towards the south and east.
A little farther south, at Cape Karmakul, there
were also some rocky knolls low down on the left bank.
The nåme, Karmakul, seems always to be connected
with stony or rocky places, as, for instance, in Novaya
Zemlya. The word is not Russian, but might perhaps
be derived from the Pomors or Samoyedes ?
There was no indication that the altitude of the land
in this district was different from elsewhere. The
rocky knolls were covered over with the same horizontal
strata of sand and clay and to the same height as usual ;
but in many places on the bank there were great heaps
of stones, and these may have been, to a great extent,
simply the remains of outcrops that had weathered
and fallen to pieces.
It was a fine evening, and the nights are quite mild
We anchored at 8.30 off Sushkovo (latitude 67° 6’ N.).
We went for a walk ashore in the dark and called on
the people of the only house there was. It was one of
the mail-stations along the river. We found only

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