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333

(1914) [MARC] Author: Fridtjof Nansen Translator: Arthur G. Chater - Tema: Russia
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333
CHAPTER XV
THE USSURI REGION, VLADIVOSTOK AND KHABAROVSK
The Maritime Province, area and population : Natural features,
climate : Natives : History : Vladivost6k : The Ussuri line :
Seeing Vladivostok : The Ussuri country : Cultivation :
Khabarovsk : Bridge over the Amiir : Difficulties of the work :
The exhibition : A valuable stag : The museum, native
sledges : Golds
WE have now arrived at the most important country
of the Russian East. This is the Primorskaya
Oblasty, or Maritime Province, the borderland on the
Sea of Japan. It extends from the Korean frontier on
the south, about latitude 42J° N.,to the coast of the Sea
of Okhotsk on the north, in about latitude 56° N. Its
eastern boundary is the sea, and its western is formed
by Lake Khånka and the River Ussuri, which falls
into the Amiir near Khabarovsk, from whence the
boundary runs in a north-westerly and northerly direc
tion. The country has an area of about 223,880 square
miles, with an estimated population in 1911 of 523,840
people, of whom 360,437 are Russians. More than half
this population occupies the southern and more fertile
part, the South Ussiiri country, which has an area of
about 55,970 square miles, and had in 1908 already a
population of 244,000. In all these figures the garrisons
of Vladivostok and Khabarovsk are omitted, as well as
the yellow men, chiefly Koreans and Chinese, who
come into the province as labourers in the course of
the summer.

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